Russian Military Technology : Updates and Discussions

The Kozelsky Mechanical Plant launched the production of Russian dugouts and shelters “Mole”. The dugout is made of sandwich panels; it can be quickly delivered to the desired location and can be assembled by two people in a few hours. When changing the location of soldiers, the dugout can be quickly disassembled and transported to another location. The dugouts are designed to accommodate 4 soldiers and can be equipped with sleeping places, a table, stools and a stove. The “Mole” dugouts are made according to the “thermos” principle - it is cool in summer and warm in winter, the dugout is reliably protected from moisture, insects and rodents.

The head of the Russian Ministry of Defense again inspected the plan for implementing state defense orders at Russian military enterprises. During a visit to the State Design Bureau "Raduga" enterprise, a new Russian cruise missile "Izdeliye-720" was noticed; there is still no technical data on it. Presumably the Izdeliye-720 missile was created on the basis of the Kh-69 missile; it has the same square body, but a different configuration of the air intake and seeker of the missile. The Izdeliye-720 missile lacks the electro-optical guidance terminal found on the Kh-69 missile and instead has a fairing similar to that of the Kh-35 missile. It is possible that the Izdeliye-720 missile is equipped with a radar used by the missile's guidance system. The missile's flight range is estimated to be from 300 to 500 kilometers, and its weight is about 450 kg. During a visit to the plant, the minister was shown the Russian X-58 anti-radar missile, which has a flight range of 250 kilometers, after which the minister said that the missile’s flight range should be increased to 300 kilometers.

Units of the Russian National Guard began to use the latest complex for detecting and suppressing UAVs “Byzhigatel”. At the moment, there is no technical information on the Russian Vyzhigatel complex, designed to suppress drones, even the manufacturer is unknown. The complex is reported to be effective.

Footage of the operation of the new Russian aircraft landing radar system, the RSP-28ME complex, one might say this is a unique and only video of the complex’s operation. The RSP-28ME complex is designed to organize air traffic control of aircraft in the near zone of operational airfields, and control over the aircraft's pre-landing maneuvering and maintaining course lines and glide path on the landing trajectory. The RSP-28ME complex has been supplied to the troops since 2021 and is serviced by three operators. The RSP-28ME Complex includes: a DRL-27SE dispatch radar module, a PRL-27SE or PRL-27SM landing radar module, an automatic direction finder, an RSP-28ME control module and a diesel power plant. The RSP-28ME complex is equipped with operational airfields of the Russian state aviation; it replaced the RSP-10MN complexes

Footage of tests of the home-made Russian robotic platform “BRATISHKA”, created by Kazan designers. Initially, the Bratishka unmanned tracked vehicle was developed for the emergency evacuation of wounded soldiers during battle, but now its functions are being expanded. As can be seen in the video, the robotic platform has a low height and does an excellent job of evacuating soldiers. A smoke screen installation system has already been developed for the BRATISHKA robot; modules for installing anti-tank systems, electronic warfare systems, reconnaissance and other systems are being created. The possibility of launching a UAV from a robot is planned; a turret with automatic guidance for a machine gun is currently being designed. The robot body is solid-bearing and can be made of armored steel. The robot is controlled using a VR helmet, at a range of up to 2 kilometers, with a communication repeater the control range is more than 10 km. Most of the robot's components are made in China; work is underway to replace it with Russian analogues. The robot weighs 200 kg when equipped, is equipped with two engines and reaches a speed of up to 15 km/h, with a power reserve of up to 16 hours. Drive power from 7 to 10 kW

The Russian training aircraft UTS-800 made its first flight, the footage was published by the Ural Civil Aviation Plant. The aircraft is intended for training pilots of fighter and bomber aircraft. The UTS-800 is equipped with modern equipment, including a digital flight control system and a multifunctional display. Earlier, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced a competition designed to find a replacement for the foreign fleet of training aircraft; Yak-152 and UTS-800 aircraft took part in it. The aircraft is equipped with modern systems and is not inferior to foreign analogues in terms of payload, thrust-to-weight ratio and maneuverability. The aircraft's components are made in Russia, and the airframe itself is made of domestic composite materials. Currently, the UTS-800 is equipped with a General Electric H80 engine. It is planned that the aircraft will receive a Russian VK-800SM turboprop engine. The cost of a flight hour for a UTS-800 aircraft is about 25 thousand rubles or 285 dollars. The aircraft's cruising speed is 360 km/h, flight altitude is up to 8000 meters, maximum take-off weight is 2150 kg.

A hybrid of the Russian T-80B tank and the Russian RBU-6000 bomb launcher. The RBU-6000 ship-borne rocket launcher, which was installed on the MT-LB transporter, was also installed on the Russian T-80B tank. Reportedly, one of the Marine Corps units was involved in converting the T-80B tank into a homemade MLRS with a caliber of 213 mm. Many people wondered why they were doing this; apparently, a large number of RGB-60 or 90R bombs had accumulated in the military warehouses of the Russian army; the firing range of such an installation is about 5500 meters.

The commander of the Russian T-72B3M tank showed how the tank’s protection was strengthened. The tank is additionally equipped with the RP-377 electronic warfare system; we previously talked about it; the link to the video is in the comments to the video. The modernized T-72B3M tanks began to be produced in 2022.

Footage of tests of the Arctic version of the Russian armored personnel carrier BT-3F, produced by Kurganmashzavod. The BT-3F armored personnel carrier is adapted for the conditions of the Far North and has an insulated hull and is equipped with an independent heating system that is capable of maintaining above-zero temperature in the cabin, even when the main engine is turned off. The Arctic BT-3F also received wide tracks, providing reduced ground pressure, which increased cross-country ability in virgin snow. The armored personnel carrier is designed to carry 15 people and can serve as a tactical command post and medical vehicle. The BT-3F is protected from heavy machine gun bullets, shell fragments and mines. The BT-3F is equipped with a remote-controlled combat module with a 12.7 mm machine gun. The module is equipped with an integrated thermal imager and laser range finder, automatic target tracking, and it is possible to deploy an unmanned reconnaissance system. On the BT-3F you can install a 14.5 mm machine gun or a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. The BT-3F armored personnel carrier is equipped with a UTD-29 diesel engine with a power of 450 hp. and develops a speed of -70 km/h on the highway, and 10 km/h when moving afloat. Fuel range is 600 km. Crew: two people.

An episode of testing by Russian military personnel of a drone equipped with the Russian Fagot ATGM. The Russian ATGM "Fagot" was put into service in 1970 and has a firing range of up to 3000 meters. In this case, it is impossible to hit targets at such a range, since the drone does not have ATGM guidance devices at the target. A drone with an ATGM installed can only be used at close range from the target. Perhaps the ATGM has control, since there is an unknown block on the back of it.

Russian military personnel spoke about their experience in using the Supercam-S350 multi-purpose UAV and showed its assembly and launch. The Russian Supercam-S350 UAV is produced by the Unmanned Systems company.

Footage of the use of the Nona-M1 towed 120-mm mortar by Russian military personnel. The Russian 2B23 Nona-M1 mortar was developed by specialists from the Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering and entered service in 2007. Externally, it differs from the more familiar 2B14-1 "Tray" mortar and the 2S12 "Sani" mortar; having a rifled barrel, it can also use ammunition from the 2S9 "Nona-S" self-propelled airborne artillery gun. To aim the mortar, a modified MPM-44M mortar sight is used. The mass of the mortar in the traveling position is 514 kg. Rate of fire up to 10 rounds per minute. The target firing range of the Nona-M1 mortar with a high-explosive fragmentation mine is 7200 meters, and with a projectile - 8800 meters. When using active-reactive ammunition - up to 12800 meters. The mortar is brought into firing position in 30 seconds, the crew of the mortar is 5 people.

The first footage of the use by the Russian Black Sea Fleet of the Alexandrite-ISPUM-E underwater complex designed to search and destroy mines. The Alexandrite-ISPUM complex is located on a Project 12700 sea minesweeper of the Baltic Fleet. The Alexandrite-ISPUM complex was developed in 2015 by the scientific enterprise Region. The complex became the development of the first similar third-generation system, the Mayovka underwater mine detector-detector, which is now used in the Black Sea Fleet. The complex was first used in the Baltic, where it was used to find not only sunken ships, but also small items of sailors’ uniforms. The Alexandrite-ISPUM complex is capable of detecting an object under a three-meter layer of silt. The Alexandrite-ISPUM complex includes a hydroacoustic ship station, a towed hydroacoustic station and a self-propelled underwater vehicle. The system works as follows: a towed hydroacoustic station “scans” the aquatic and underwater environment. A self-propelled underwater vehicle searches for suspicious objects within a radius of 500 meters and at a depth of up to 300 meters; it can also be equipped with a bomb. After detecting dangerous objects and mines, explosive charges are installed on them or cable cutters are used. If necessary, the devices can tow a mine into shallow water and destroy it there. The fourth generation complex “Alexandrite-ISPUM-E” is now the most modern Russian system for searching and destroying sea mines. It is planned to equip all Russian sea minesweepers of Project 12700 with the Alexandrite-ISPUM-E complexes.

The AVD company, manufacturer of Chekan armored personnel carriers, presented the new SBA Ladoga armored vehicle. The Russian armored vehicle SBA "Ladoga" is designed to transport personnel of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and special forces and to conduct counter-terrorism operations. According to the manufacturer, tests were carried out to compare the SBA Ladoga armored car and the Tiger armored car. Reportedly, the Ladoga self-propelled gun showed superiority over the Tiger armored car in such parameters as range, payload, cross-country ability and security. The SBA "Ladoga" armored car has an armored body, windows, and the engine compartment is covered with an armored hood. Armor class 5, according to GOST R 50963-96, which corresponds to level 2 of STANAG 4569 and protects against armor-piercing incendiary bullets 7.62mm x 39 and from mine explosions under the wheel or bottom. The vehicle is equipped with new axles with forced-locking bevel gear differentials, which increased the cross-country ability of the armored vehicle. The machine is equipped with a YaMZ-5347 diesel engine with a power of 215 hp. The weight of the machine is 7 tons, the estimated cost is 5 million rubles or $55,800.

In Obninsk, at one of the private enterprises and in other cities, a retired tank driver, with the call sign “Architect” and volunteers, organized the production of Russian dynamic protection “Contact-1”, used to protect tanks. The “Contact-1” project is being developed with funds from volunteers, support and production of protection for tanks, and is carried out in all regions of the country. The production is well organized and a stamp has already been developed for even faster production of Kontakt-1 dynamic protection components. At the moment, as part of the project, more than 67 thousand Kontakt-1 dynamic protection units have been sent to the troops. About 300 dynamic protection units are installed on one tank; installation of the units on one side of the tank takes about 10 hours. Let me remind you that “Kontakt-1” is the first Soviet dynamic tank protection system developed in 1982, after which the improved “Kontakt-5” and “Relikt” appeared.

The Pantsir-ME naval anti-aircraft missile and gun system is being adopted by all Russian ships under construction. The ship version of the Pantsir-ME air defense system was developed at the Shipunov Instrument Engineering Design Bureau in Tula in 2017. Unlike the ground version, Pantsir-ME is armed with eight 57E6-E1 missiles and AO-18KD automatic cannons with a caliber of 30 mm. The complex is capable of repelling group strikes of air attack weapons, while simultaneously firing at 4 targets. The Pantsir-ME air defense system is the only ship-based air defense system in the world with a single combat module, which includes artillery, missile weapons and a control system. The air defense system uses a highly intelligent adaptive radar-optical control system. All stages of the operator’s combat work - from searching for a target to firing - are fully automated. The complex is capable of detecting targets at a range of up to 75 km, destroying them within a radius of 20 km from the ship, at an altitude of up to 15 km, with a reaction time of 5 seconds. The maximum speed of targets hit is up to 1000 m/s. The weight of the Pantsir-ME air defense system with ammunition is 7100 kg, it is serviced by the commander of the combat module and the target tracking operator.

The new RPL-20 light machine gun developed for the Russian army is ready for state testing. The machine gun was already presented earlier, but it was modified to meet the customer’s requirements. The RPL-20 machine gun was created taking into account military feedback collected during testing of the RPK-16 machine gun, which was considered as a replacement for the Soviet RPK-74 machine gun. The RPL-20 belt-fed light machine gun has an open rotary bolt and a long-stroke gas piston. Equipping a machine gun with belt feed reduces the soldier's mobility, but increases the machine gun's rate of fire. The RPL-20 machine gun has interchangeable barrels of different lengths, which allows you to change them depending on the tasks being solved, as well as in case of overheating. Currently the machine gun is available in 5.45×39 mm caliber; in the future it will be exported in 5.56 and 7.62 mm calibers that meet NATO standards. The machine gun has a folding stock with an adjustable cheekpiece. The weight of the machine gun with a short barrel is 5.2 kg, with a long barrel - 5.5 kg. The machine gun is equipped with a Picatinny rail for mounting sights and other accessories. The range of hitting targets with a machine gun is up to 500 meters, the rate of fire is 700 rounds per minute. Cartridge box capacity: 100 rounds.

Footage of Russian military personnel training on the Terminator tank support combat vehicle. Previously, there were rumors that they would not be used, but judging by the video, the Russian Ministry of Defense will not abandon these combat vehicles and this project will continue to develop. It is worth noting that the video shows a new combat vehicle, without noticeable signs of wear. As the mechanic driver of the BMPT "Terminator" said in a short interview at the end of the video, the BMPT "Terminator" can evacuate from the battlefield on its own, without the help of evacuation equipment and without one track. According to him, it only takes a month to retrain from operating the BMP-1 to the BMPT Terminator combat vehicle.

The commander of the Russian BMPT "Terminator" spoke about the advantages of the combat vehicle over tanks. The crew of the Terminator combat vehicle fires from a 30-mm 2A42 automatic cannon.