Russian Military Technology : Updates and Discussions

The first footage of the use by the Russian army of the new electronic reconnaissance and radio countermeasures complex “Moscow-1” has been published. The 1L267 electronic warfare system was developed by NPO Kvant and entered service in 2015. The complex is capable of passively recognizing the radiation of aircraft and cruise missiles at a range of up to 400 kilometers and causing radio interference, as well as being a command post for control and reconnaissance. The complex has no analogues, as it can control an area of 500 thousand square kilometers and simultaneously assign tasks to nine electronic warfare and air defense systems. Often the Moscow-1 electronic warfare system works in conjunction with the Krasukha S-4 electronic warfare system. The Moscow-1 complex includes an automated command post "Moscow-1", a radio intelligence module 1L267 and an automated control station for jamming stations of an air-based radar station. One of the machines is equipped with a module that performs the tasks of searching, detecting, direction finding, measuring parameters and tracking air sources of radio emission operating in a wide spectrum of the range - from decimeter to millimeter radio waves. The entire complex is placed on the chassis of three Kamaz 6350 trucks and can be removed from them for camouflage. The electronic warfare station "Moscow-1" is capable of providing full all-round visibility and can be deployed in 45 minutes; it is serviced by 4 operators. The estimated price of the Moscow-1 electronic warfare complex is 380 million rubles or 4.5 million dollars.

Russian troops began to use modernized Pantsir-SM air defense systems, of course this is not a version of the Pantsir-SM TBM air defense system, but it’s also not bad. Reportedly, the complexes were sent to Donbass, but there are no videos yet. The Pantsir-SM air defense system was developed in 2019 and is equipped with a new target detection radar and a new target tracking and missile guidance radar based on phased array antennas. The main advantage of the air defense system is the significantly longer detection, tracking and destruction ranges of objects, the ability to better hit mini-UAVs, guided artillery shells and high-speed ballistic targets. The Pantsir-SM air defense system is capable of detecting small targets at a range of up to 75 km. When using new anti-aircraft guided missiles with hypersonic speed, the target interception range is 40 km, which is twice as much as the previous version. Based on the test results reported earlier, the air defense system’s maximum range for destroying UAVs has been increased by 30%, and the complex can hit targets at an altitude of up to 18 km. The K-53958 chassis from the Tornado family of vehicles with an 8x8 wheel arrangement was chosen as the chassis for the Pantsir-SM. The price of the Pantsir-SM air defense system is still unknown.

The Russian army has begun to use the latest self-propelled artillery unit “Coalition-SV” in Ukraine, TASS reported. After the start of mass production, in Ukraine the Koalitsiya-SV self-propelled gun is used in single copies. Technical information about the Coalition-SV self-propelled guns is in the link to the video in the comments to the video. Reportedly, the main task of the self-propelled guns is to make a decisive difference in the counter-battery fight against Ukrainian artillery. It is not clear how a few pieces can lead to a turning point in the fight against artillery; most likely we are talking about testing self-propelled guns in combat conditions. The Russian self-propelled gun "Coalition-SV" is capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 70 kilometers and has a high level of automation, surpassing its foreign counterparts. The self-propelled guns have a fire attack mode, apparently the military leadership is betting on this.

Military personnel of Russian intelligence units showed the modernized TPN-1TOD thermal imaging surveillance device they use in combat work, interview at the end of the video. It is worth noting that the TPN-1TOD thermal imager was also installed on Russian T-90M tanks. The TPN-1TOD binocular thermal imager with a laser rangefinder is designed for visual observation and detection of openly located and camouflaged targets by their thermal radiation at any time of the day and in difficult weather conditions. Using the TPN-1TOD thermal imager, you can determine the coordinates of openly located and camouflaged targets in the daytime and at night, record images, transmit photos, videos and measurement information via wired and wireless communications. The device can also provide target indications to external devices. TPN-1TOD is capable of detecting a tank at a range of up to 7,500 meters during the day, and up to 6,500 meters at night. A human figure can be detected at a distance of up to 5500 meters during the day, and up to 4000 meters at night. The exact characteristics are shown in the table; the weight of the device is 4.3 kg.
The price of the TPN-1TOD device as of 2016 is 4,129,000 rubles or 45,700 dollars at the current exchange rate.

The longest-range Russian R-37M missile used by Mig-31BM, Su-57 and Su-35S aircraft. R-37M air-to-air missile, extra long range, export name of the RVV-BD missile. The R-37M missile was put into service in 2004 and was created on the basis of the R-33 missile, which was previously discussed. The Russian R-37M missile is designed primarily to destroy reconnaissance aircraft and jammer aircraft at long range. The missile now has no analogues, since the range of hitting targets, according to test results, reached 304 kilometers; according to experts, the missile can hit targets at a range of up to 400 kilometers. The R-37M or RVV-BD missile can be used by Mig-31BM, Su-57 and Su-35S aircraft. When using external target designation, Russian aircraft using these missiles at long range become invulnerable to enemy aircraft and air defense systems. It is possible that missiles were also used in Ukraine, but this was not officially reported. The missile guidance system is inertial, with radio correction up to 100 kilometers and active radar homing at the final part of the flight path, which is about 40 kilometers. The R-37M missile is capable of hitting targets flying at speeds of up to 2,500 km/h at altitudes of up to 25 kilometers. The length of the R-37M rocket is 4.2 meters, weight 600 kg, warhead weight - 60 kg, rocket service life - 8 years.

The multi-purpose Russian helicopter Mi-171A2 has received approval for operation in high mountains. The helicopter was tested in the mountainous regions of Kabardino-Balkaria, in the Elbrus region. Expanding the capabilities of the helicopter will attract new customers both in Russia and abroad. The Mi-171A2 flew in different modes, including simulating the failure of one of the engines. The tests were carried out with a gradual increase in load. The maximum take-off and landing weight of this helicopter is 13 tons; this figure was achieved at high altitudes in the mountains. The Mi-171A2 helicopter confirmed the high reliability of its engines, equipment, safety and ability to operate in extreme mountain conditions. Now the helicopter can be lifted to a height of up to 5,000 meters, while previously the permitted ceiling was 3,500 meters. The Mi-171A2 helicopter is a deep modernization of one of the most popular Mi-8 helicopters in the world.

The video shows the work of the Russian military mobile sawmill complex VMLK-1. The VMLK-1 complex was developed by the Proekt Tekhnika company and entered service in 2016. The principle of operation of the sawmill complex is as follows: a chassis with an installed container body arrives at the forest cutting site, where it is deployed in 1.5 hours. The container body is removed from the Kamaz 63501 vehicle; it houses a sawmill frame with a capacity of up to 60 cubic meters of timber per shift. The chassis has a crane and quick-release supports. All this makes it possible in the field to carry out not only sawing of logs, but also all the necessary work - from felling timber to delivery of finished products. The container also provides sleeping places for personnel to rest. The maximum diameter of sawn logs is up to 50 centimeters. The sawmill is powered by a 100 kW electric unit; the VMLK-1 installation is serviced by 3 people.

Russian military personnel showed training and firing from the modernized Metis-M1 ATGM. The Metis-M1 mini ATGM, or “pocket artillery” as it is also called, was put into service in 2015; it has been exported since 2004, since its merits were not immediately appreciated. An important advantage of the 130 mm Metis-M1 ATGM is its light weight: the ATGM launcher weighs 9.5 kg, the missile in a container weighs 13.8 kg and the thermal imager weighs 6.5 kg. The Metis-M1 ATGM is especially convenient for use in urban areas, wooded and mountainous areas and is capable of hitting all types of tanks now. The ATGM has a semi-automatic control system with command transmission via wires. The Metis-M1 arsenal includes two types of missiles. The 9M131M ammunition with a tandem cumulative warhead is used to destroy vehicles. It consists of two charges, the first penetrates the defense, the second causes direct damage to the object, armor penetration is 950 mm of armor. The second ammunition, a 9M131FM missile with a thermobaric warhead, is used to attack engineering fortifications. The range of destruction of both missiles is up to 2000 meters. The 9K115-2 missile system is operated by two people; the installation can be prepared for firing in 20 seconds.

A Russian Be-12 seaplane drops bombs. The crews of the Be-12 anti-submarine seaplane and the Ka-29 helicopter of the Russian Black Sea Fleet conducted exercises over the Black Sea. The purpose of the exercise is to search for and counter enemy naval drones. In the video, a Be-12 Chaika turboprop amphibious aircraft bombed a mock enemy. The Ka-29 helicopter practiced firing at a sea target from a heavy machine gun. The Be-12 Seagull seaplane was built from 1963 to 1973 at the Taganrog Aviation Plant No. 86 named after. G.M. Dimitrov, a total of 142 aircraft were built. The Be-12 aircraft is still in limited service with the Russian Navy today. At the time of its creation, the Be-12 was the largest production amphibious aircraft in the world. The aircraft can carry anti-submarine bombs, torpedoes, mines, and a total of 24 weapons are used. The Be-12 is equipped with two AI-20D engines and is capable of speeds of up to 550 km/h, with a tactical range of up to 650 kilometers, and a maximum flight range of 4,000 kilometers. Weight of combat load is 3000 kilograms.

Russia is developing a new line of projectiles based on the Krasnopol high-precision guided projectile. This was announced by the representative of the KBP company Alexander Shigin. We previously talked about the Krasnopol-M shells; the link to the video is in the comments to the video. According to the designer, further development of the Krasnopol projectile will allow the Russian army to use the projectile at completely different distances, and with great power. Details about the new shells will be disclosed only after they are put into service. In addition, in 2024, the production of the Krasnopol projectile will increase 25 times; how such a colossal increase in ammunition production volumes will be achieved is not reported. Now Russian troops are receiving the Krasnopol-M shells and the new Krasnopol-M2 shell, which began to be delivered to the troops in the summer, but information about it is classified. It is known that the Krasnopol-M2 shells have an updated guidance and target designation system; it can be used with different means of target illumination. It is possible now that two Krasnopol-M2 projectiles can attack two different targets located at a minimum distance. In this case, each projectile will hit the designated object.

Russian troops began to receive modernized kamikaze drones “Cube”. ZALA AERO specialists, at the request of the Ministry of Defense, increased the weight of the UAV warhead and also carried out other work on it. In fact, now this is a completely different drone, significantly different from the one that was before. It is unknown how much the drone has changed, but it was previously reported. The drone is made of radio-absorbing materials and reaches speeds of up to 130 kilometers per hour, has a payload of 3 kilograms and a flight duration of 30 minutes. The advantages of the “Cube” drone are hidden launch, high precision bombing and ease of use. The kamikaze drone has a self-destruction function and an order cancellation system, when used, the UAV returns “to base.” Earlier, the Kalashnikov concern reported on the fulfillment of the state defense order for the supply of “Cube” loitering ammunition to the troops. At the same time it was announced that the production of drones had been doubled. The kamikaze drone "Cube" together with the drone "Lancet" were developed by ZALA AERO. There is a video of drones in combat on the channel.

Aviation plant named after. Yu.A. Gagarin manufactured and handed over to the Russian Ministry of Defense the final batch of fifth-generation Su-57 aircraft, according to the 2023 production program. To speed up production, the Su-57 assembly line was set up in 2023 in the face of growing serial production of aircraft. Measures were also taken to eliminate bottlenecks not only in the final aircraft assembly shop, but throughout the entire production cycle. Issues regarding the supply of high-tech components from supplier factories are also being successfully resolved, and opportunities for improving the assembly technology of Su-57 aircraft are being worked out.

In Russia, on the basis of the “Agriculture” remote mining machine, they created a bicaliber MLRS “Vozrozhdenie”. The new MLRS system is a modernization of the “Agriculture” remote mining machine, on which a universal transport and launch container was installed for launching rockets. The system is somewhat similar to the principle of changing missiles in the American HIMARS MLRS. The Vozrozhdenie MLRS will use 220 mm Uragan MLRS missiles, as well as ammunition from the TOS-1A Solntsepek or TOS-2 Tosochka heavy flamethrower system. Changing packages with missiles will be done as in other MLRS, using a transport-loading machine. Russia has already created the 9K512 Uragan-1M bi-caliber MLRS; the complex can fire 220 mm and 300 mm missiles. The estimated range of destruction of the Vozrozhdenie MLRS with 220-mm high-explosive fragmentation rockets with a warhead mass of 100 kg will be up to 120 km, with thermobaric 220-mm shells with a mass of 150 kg, more than 15 km and 122-mm cluster mines up to 15 km. Probably, the new MLRS, depending on the weight, will be placed on the basis of the Belarusian MZKT-7930 tractors, or on the Ural-6370, as in the TOS-2 “Tosochka”, or on a four-axle KamAZ chassis, as in the “Agriculture” mining complex. Serial production of the new MLRS "Vozrozhdenie" will begin in 2024.

In Russia, work is underway to increase the firepower of the Russian T-14 Armata tank, said Sergei Chemezov, General Director of the Rostec Corporation. Details and videos, as often happens, are not reported. According to him, in the future "Armata" will become an even more formidable tank, its potential and combat power will be significantly increased, the result will be soon. It is not clear how the combat power will be increased; perhaps they will install a new 152 mm gun, work on which was previously carried out. The tank currently uses a 125 mm 2A82 tank gun. Sergei Chemezov also said that the tank is “saturated with the latest electronic systems and has a next-generation fire control system,” and the tank has been ready for a long time. The general director also expressed the opinion that now the Armata tank is head and shoulders above the Israeli Merkava tank, which was positioned as a super-protected tank, but in fact it has protection, in fact, at the level of a heavy combat vehicle, as can be seen now in Palestine.

Footage has appeared of Russian communications units using the new MP-2IM hardware communications machine. The integrated MP-2IM communications hardware is located on the BTR-80 K1Sh1 and is shown for the first time in 2021. The hardware room is intended for deployment at the communication center, control point of a brigade of intra-node data transmission networks for encrypted and open telephone communications and providing radio and wired communication channels to control point subscribers located in command and control vehicles.
The MP-2IM communication hardware provides up to 7 communication directions, with a communication range via VHF radio stations of up to 40 kilometers, via microwave radio stations up to 20 kilometers, and via radio relay stations up to 30 kilometers. The composition of the equipment used in the MP-2IM communication machine is shown on the screen. The radius of the distributed signal can reach hundreds of kilometers if you use several MP-2IM machines located in a single chain at a distance of several tens of kilometers. The MP-2IM hardware communication vehicle systems are deployed in 20 minutes; the communication vehicle has a crew of four people.

The Kalashnikov Concern sent to the Russian Ministry of Defense the first production batch of semi-automatic Chukavin “SVCh” sniper rifles, which replaced the Dragunov SVD self-loading sniper rifles. The manufacturer quickly produced the first batch of rifles; they talked about it a month ago; the link to the review is in the comments to the video. According to the holding's information, the “SVCh” rifle is distinguished by improved ergonomics and accuracy of fire. The rifle is equipped with automatic gas release with a short stroke of the gas piston and a three-position rotary gas regulator. According to Kalashnikov President Alan Lushnikov, the “SVCh” has improved ergonomics and accuracy of fire, but at the same time is as reliable as the Dragunov rifle. The weight of the rifle without magazine is 4.8 kg, caliber is 7.62x54 mm, total length is 1170 mm, barrel length is 620 mm. The “SVCh" rifle has a reliable automatic gas system.

Video of the Russian Kh-101 cruise missile turning on the onboard defense system. Footage of a modernized Russian cruise missile Kh-101 striking Ukraine. On the final leg of the flight, the Kh-101 missile uses the L-504 onboard defense system. The L-504 module is produced by the Ekran Research Institute in the city of Samara, the company specializes in the creation of aviation defense systems. In flight, not just a heat trap is fired, but presumably also small “needles” of different lengths, this makes it possible to deceive enemy air defense guidance radars. Decoys are fired by the missile 6 times, simultaneously with two heat traps on each side of the missile.

New kamikaze drone Lancet-55 of Russia, ZALA promo video. The Aeroscan company, part of the ZALA AERO group of companies, showed a promotional video with drones produced by the company. The video occasionally shows the new kamikaze drone “Izdeliye-55” and the ZALA Z-16 reconnaissance drone. While little is known about the Lancet-55 loitering munition, the drone is equipped with four motors and continues the line of drones using the X-wing aerodynamic design of the Lancet drone family. The drone has a short range, is easy to operate and is absolutely safe for the operator. The Lancet-55 drone is launched from a container in the same way as the Lancet-53 drone, which we previously talked about. The drone displays an image of the target in Full HD in real time, with the choice of the optimal approach angle to the target. According to the developer, the main advantages of the drone are absolute invulnerability to electronic warfare equipment and complete operator safety

The only indoor museum in the world opened in Kronstadt, which housed an entire nuclear submarine. The main exhibit of the Museum of Naval Glory in Kronstadt was the first Soviet nuclear submarine K-3 Leninsky Komsomol. Now it is one of the most unique military museum sites in the world. This is not an installation, but a full-size first Soviet nuclear submarine of Project 627 Kit. The creation of the K-3 submarine was a national task in the USSR—35 institutes, more than 20 design bureaus, and about 100 industrial enterprises worked on its solution. The progress of construction of the first nuclear submarine was strictly classified. It was forbidden to even take the drawings into the workshop where the nuclear-powered ship was being built. Before a work shift, workers entered a specially designated room, read the drawings and memorized them. Secrecy was also maintained for the crew; when training sailors at the first Soviet nuclear power plant, they were forbidden to even call each other by name. To restore the submarine, a complex project was developed and implemented to relocate the K-3 nuclear submarine from the Kola Peninsula, from the Nerpa shipyard in the city of Snezhnogorsk, Murmansk region, to St. Petersburg. The K-3 submarine "Leninsky Komsomol" was launched in 1957 and withdrawn from the Northern Fleet in 1991. The service history of the K-3 submarine was difficult and sometimes tragic.

Video episodes showing how the engines of Russian military equipment are started. The video shows the BTR-82A armored personnel carrier, the T-72B3M tank, the Tornado-G MLRS, the MT-LBu multi-purpose armored personnel carrier, the Tiger armored vehicle, the Z-STS Akhmat armored vehicle on a Kamaz chassis, and the Soviet MS-1 tank from 1927.