Russian Military Technology : Updates and Discussions

Footage of firing of a Russian BMD-2 armored vehicle, the work of a unit of Pskov paratroopers. The BMD-2 fires from a 30 mm 2A42 automatic cannon, the gun's rate of fire is up to 800 rounds per minute, the range of destruction of enemy personnel is up to 4000 meters, lightly armored vehicles up to 1500 and air targets up to 2000 meters. The gun barrel length is 2400 mm, 80 calibers, the gun uses 30x165 mm shells, the gun life is up to 9000 rounds. The 2A42 automatic cannon has been produced at Tulmashzavod since 1980 and is installed on various armored vehicles, including helicopters. A non-licensed copy of the gun is also produced in Ukraine under the symbol ZTM-2.

The Russian army successfully tested the S-500 Prometheus air defense system, testing the complex’s ability to shoot down hypersonic targets. Tests of the S-500 air defense system took place on February 22. The S-500 "Prometheus" air defense system hit the R-29RMU2 "Sineva" intercontinental ballistic missile launched by the submarine nuclear-powered missile cruiser "Tula" from the Laptev Sea at the "Chizha" training ground in the Arkhangelsk region. The S-500 air defense system confirmed all its characteristics, including the ability to hit hypersonic weapons. SAM 55Р6М "Triumfator-M" is a fifth-generation anti-aircraft system developed by the Almaz-Antey concern. A special feature of the complex is its ability to operate against a wide range of targets at altitudes up to 200 km and at a range of up to 600 km, target detection range up to 2000 km. The main task of the complex is to intercept cruise and ballistic missiles, but it can also hit low-orbit satellites. The S-500 air defense system must be covered by short- and medium-range air defense. It is also planned to develop a ship version of the promising S-500 air defense systems for Project 23000 Storm aircraft carriers. The complex includes: a combat control point 85Zh6-1, a long-range detection radar 60K6, an antenna post with a phased array radar operating in the X-band and optionally other systems. The air defense system uses 77N6-N, 77N6-N1 and 40N6 missiles. The S-500 air defense system is mounted on a BAZ-69096 chassis with a 10×8 wheel arrangement. The cost of one division of the S-500 air defense system is about 2 billion dollars, this is 4 times more expensive than the S-400 air defense system, but the complex is unique and better than the American THAAD missile defense system worth 3 billion dollars. It is known that the S-500 Prometheus complex will begin to enter the Russian armed forces in 2024, but the number of such systems has not been disclosed.

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Russia has developed an automatic defense system against drones, the Stupor complex. The Stupor company, we previously talked about their complexes, announced the creation of a complex designed to effectively protect objects from drone attacks. Due to the ever-increasing threat from drones, the demand for these systems around the world is constantly growing. The complex works automatically without an operator and can transfer data to the operator’s phone; the complex uses elements of artificial intelligence. The Stupor system was developed based on complementary detection systems, such as phased array radar, radio frequency scanner, optical UAV recognition station and counter-drone capabilities. It is worth noting that adding an optical drone recognition station to the complex is a very correct decision, since not all drones can be detected by radars; due to the small EPR of UAVs and especially FPV drones, it is becoming increasingly difficult to detect them. The complex is capable of interrupting the drone control channel, replacing coordinates and intercepting control of drones. The Stupor complex is capable of detecting UAVs at a range of up to 5 kilometers and suppressing drones at a range of up to 2 kilometers; the complex forms a protective field of 360 degrees.

Russian sappers demonstrated a method for remote mining of terrain with POM-2 anti-personnel mines using an RPG-7 grenade launcher. Sappers screw a mine onto a powder engine from a rocket-propelled grenade for an RPG-7 and mine at a range of up to 2 kilometers. The POM-2 family of mines includes several ammunition, the mass of the mine is 1500 grams, the amount of explosive is 140 grams, the radius of continuous destruction is 16 meters. This method allows sappers to safely carry out mining without entering the line of fire

During the visit of the Russian Minister of Defense to defense industry enterprises in the Tula region, the new Russian bicaliber MLRS "Vozrozhdenie" was first noticed at NPO "Splav". Footage of the real installation appeared for the first time. Judging by the video, it is possible that the Vozrozhdenie MLRS will be an exact copy of the Russian mining vehicle "Agriculture", they will simply change the package with missiles, as shown in the video. Since visually it is a copy of the “Agriculture” mining machine, more details about it can be found in the link to the video in the comments to the video. The developed MLRS "Vozrozhdenie" will possibly reduce the number of platforms with MLRS in the Russian army, and the creation of this vehicle will also speed up the reloading of the MLRS. It is assumed that the new MLRS will be able to use 120 and 220 mm projectiles from the TOS-1A, TOS-2 flamethrower systems, the Uragan MLRS, the Grad MLRS and the Agricultural remote mining vehicle. As you can see in the video, the production of the Vozrozhdenie bicaliber MLRS was quickly mastered and there are already ready-made combat vehicles.

Russia is resuming the production of A-50 long-range radar warning aircraft, this is an analogue of American AWACS aircraft, Rostec reported. The A-50 aircraft is now in great demand, since there are few of them in the Russian Air Force, only 12 of them, 7 of them are flying. In light of recent events, with the expected loss of two A-50 aircraft, which are not officially confirmed, the release of aircraft is becoming especially important for the Air Force . Now Russia can produce up to 3 A-50 aircraft per year. To date, no new aircraft are being produced; only the A-50s already in service are being modernized to the A-50U level; work is being carried out in Taganrog. A-50U aircraft have recently been used to guide missiles from Russian S-400 air defense systems. Most likely, the A-50U aircraft will go into production. It is worth noting that Russia is also developing new A-100 aircraft, created on the basis of the Il-76MD-90A aircraft. For comparison, the A-100 will be able to detect up to 350 air, sea and ground targets at a distance of up to 650 km; its analogue, the American Boeing 737AEW&C AWACS system, can track up to 180 targets at a distance of up to 500 km. When asked about the A-50 aircraft, the head of Rostec said: “Of course, this aircraft is needed. Of course, we will make it. Not only does our army need it, it is also exported very well.” In recent years, Russia has put into operation improved A-50U aircraft, they are capable of detecting low-flying targets at a distance of up to 400 kilometers, targets at medium and high altitudes are detected at a distance of up to 650 kilometers, and ballistic missiles are detected at a range of up to 800 kilometers. The number of simultaneously tracked targets is up to 150. You can see the full technical characteristics of the A-50 aircraft on the screen. The aircraft can coordinate the work of 12 fighters and guide 30 aircraft. The A-50 aircraft is capable of conducting patrols for 4 hours at a distance of 1000 km without refueling, with one refueling up to 7 hours. The practical flight range of the aircraft is up to 7500 kilometers, the aircraft crew is 5 people and 10 operators. The cost of the A-50 aircraft is about 330 million dollars.

Footage of a Russian search and rescue team taking off on a Mi-8 helicopter. The helicopter is accompanied by two helicopters, Mi-28 and Ka-52. The specialized air search unit consists of a fire support team and a medical worker. The medic helps in rescue operations, he also monitors the situation, assists in evacuation and provides first aid to pilots in case of emergency situations. Also on the channel you can watch videos of Russian pilots training on survival in enemy territory

Impacts of RBK-500 SHOAB-0.5 cluster bombs in Ukraine. Footage of Russian Su-34 aircraft using RBK-500 SHOAB-0.5 cluster bombs in Ukraine. A cluster bomb was used southeast of Malaya Tokmachka in the Zaporozhye region. The aircraft bomb has a special fairing that improves its aerodynamic characteristics. The Russian RBK-500 SHOAB-0.5 aerial bomb was put into service in 1969 and is equipped with 570 SHOAB-0.5 ball fragmentation ammunition, weighing 417 grams each. Each Shoab-0.5 ammunition contains 304 steel balls with a diameter of 5.5 mm, that is, the explosion creates a cloud of 154 thousand steel balls; one Shoab-0.5 ammunition can be compared to a hand grenade. The RBK-500 SHOAB-0.5 cluster avionics bomb is used from altitudes from 500 to 20,000 meters, at flight speeds from 700 to 2300 km/h. The minimum opening height of the cassette is 300 meters, the optimal height is 300-400 meters. The affected area depends on the altitude of the bomb; when striking from a height of 1000 meters, the area of continuous destruction is up to 600 meters.

Footage of workshops producing Russian kamikaze drones “Geran-2” has been published. Although it was previously reported unofficially where the production is located, we cannot disclose this. The Geranium-2 drone is a modernized and localized version of the Iranian Shahed-136 drone; there is a review of the drone on the channel. As can be seen from the video, truly mass production of drones has been established. Some drones are painted black for use at night, and some drones are known to be coated with a special radio-absorbing material. British experts examined one of the drones, and it follows from them that the drone has already become Russian. The body is now made of fiberglass and carbon fiber, the manufacturer has optimized and simplified the design. The drone's satellite navigation unit is based on the Russian Comet receiver; the antennas are integrated into the body. The Gerany-2 drones use boards with elements created on a 3D printer and an inertial measurement unit, which allows them to operate in conditions of poor satellite signal. The Russian drone “Geran-2” uses an engine produced by the Chinese company Beijing MicroPilot UAV Flight Control Systems MD550, it is similar to the Iranian engine MADO MD 550, the engine costs about 13 thousand dollars

Footage of the use of a flight simulator of the Yak-130 aircraft by the President of Russia, at the Krasnodar Higher Military Aviation School of Pilots named after. Hero of the Soviet Union A.K. Serov. The Russian flight simulator is a complete copy of the control system of the Yak-130 and L-39 fighters. The Yak-130 combat training aircraft is recognized by experts as the best in terms of price-performance ratio; more details about the Yak-130 can be found in the link to the video in the comments to the video. Future pilots are allowed to fly an aircraft only after 17 hours of training flight time on this simulator. The flight simulator is used to practice difficult flight conditions, actions in case of equipment failures and simulate the main mistakes of pilots. The President of Russia flew and landed on a flight simulator.

Footage of the production and testing of the Russian airborne electronic warfare complex L-370 "Vitebsk", designed to protect aircraft and helicopters from missiles. The developer of the complex is the Federal State Unitary Enterprise Research Institute Ekran, it is produced by the KRET company, journalist Alexey Egorov interviewed the developers. The Russian airborne defense complex L-370 "Vitebsk" is produced in two versions, the L-370 version is used for helicopters, and the "Vitebsk-25" version is used for aircraft. The electronic warfare system is effective, but it does not provide 100 percent protection; in the cockpit you can often hear the phrase “Attack from the right, attack from the left,” this means that the electronic warfare system detected the missile launch and rejected it. Judging by the videos published by the Russian Ministry of Defense, the complex quite often saved the lives of pilots. The Vitebsk electronic warfare system is also installed on the Il-96-300 aircraft on which the Russian President flies.
In the video you can see tests of the L-370 electronic warfare system installed on a Mi-8 helicopter; as you can see in the video, the complex successfully rejects Igla MANPADS missiles; a total of 20 of them were fired. The sets of the L-370 "Vitebsk" complex are placed in suspended containers on the suspension units of the Su-25SM3 aircraft and on the Ka-52, Mi-26, Mi-8 and Mi-35M helicopters. It is worth noting that it is not often found on Su-25 aircraft.
The basis of the Vitebsk electronic warfare is the L-370-3S active jamming station; according to the developer, the station is much faster than the electronic warfare on other aircraft: the Sorptsiya electronic warfare on the Su-27, Omul on the Su-25 and Gardenia on MiG-29. Electronic warfare L-370 "Vitebsk" is capable of assessing the intensity of radar radiation and suppressing this signal in a wide frequency range. The complex also includes a missile protection system with a thermal homing head. In the photo you can see the composition of the complex placed on the Su-25Sm3 aircraft and the Ka-52 helicopter. The system automatically detects a missile launch and activates the use of passive jamming, thermal decoys and chaffs, as well as active protection in the infrared and radio bands. The operation of electronic warfare leads to disruption of the missile homing systems and provokes them to fly to false targets. The system can operate automatically without operator participation, only providing information about the attack angle and the nature of the threat. They plan to equip the Il-76, Il-78, An-72, An-124 aircraft, as well as the promising Il-112V, with the complex.

The Russian army will begin testing the modified Zubilo unmanned armored vehicle in April. Reportedly, the unmanned armored vehicle was modified based on the wishes of the Russian Ministry of Defense. Among the key improvements, weight reduction and increased cross-country ability probably increased autonomy, since this parameter did not suit the military. The Remdiesel unmanned armored vehicle was first presented in 2023 and is designed to support assault groups, transport ammunition, transport cargo and the wounded, as well as recharge radio stations and drones. The armored unmanned platform "Zibilo" was created on the chassis of a serial KamAZ truck; it got its name from the shape of the hull. For the first time it was shown with a ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun as a weapon, but whether this will be its standard weapon is still unknown. The armored vehicle can quickly begin to be mass-produced, since it is created from available serial components. The Zubilo armored car is equipped with a 350 hp engine. has a curb weight of 13,300 kg and a load capacity of 2,700 kg, a maximum highway speed of 100 km/h, and a climbing angle of at least 30°.

Naval exercises between Russia, Iran and China “Maritime Security Belt 2024” have begun in the Gulf of Oman. The main purpose of the exercise is to practice ensuring the safety of maritime economic activity in the region. The ships will conduct joint maneuvering and firing at surface and air targets. In addition, the crews will conduct exercises to free a ship captured by pirates. On the Russian side, the missile cruiser Varyag of Project 1164 Atlant and the frigate Marshal Shaposhnikov of Project 1155M, which received Caliber missiles after modernization, are participating in the exercises. More than 20 ships, support vessels and combat boats from Russia, Iran and China are also involved in the exercises. Naval helicopters are also widely used.

Footage of exercises with the Russian armored train "Yenisei". It is worth noting that it can only be called an armored train conditionally; its main function is engineering reconnaissance, transportation of materials and restoration and protection of railway tracks. On the armored train on the platform, a BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle is installed, there are crews of 82-mm mortars, anti-aircraft and tank machine guns. Military personnel also use drones.

Russian MiG-31 aircraft with hypersonic Kinzhal missiles and Tu-22M3 bombers patrolled the western border of Russia over the Baltic waters. During the flight, the crews of the MiG-31 aircraft practiced in-flight refueling from the Il-78 aircraft. Fighter escort was also provided by Russian Su-30SM and Su-35S aircraft. At certain stages of the route, Russian aircraft were accompanied by Finnish F-18 fighters armed with AIM-9 air-to-air missiles.

The Russian army has modernized the design of Iskander-M ballistic missiles, Ukrainian media reported this. According to materials published by the Ukrainian side, Russia has made changes to the design of 9M723 ballistic missiles. Apparently the developers considered that the missiles had sufficient characteristics to overcome air defense systems and increased the noise immunity and accuracy of the missiles. The published photos show that the decoy submunitions previously used in missiles, which were fired in flight to distract air defense systems, have been removed from the missile. To increase the noise immunity and accuracy of the missiles, additional GPS/GLONASS satellite navigation modules are installed, similar to the Comet satellite data reception module; each of them has four 4-beam antennas. The Iskander-M complex was put into service in 2006 and uses two types of missiles, the 9M723 ballistic missile, also called Iskander-M, and the 9M728 Iskander-K cruise missile.

Footage of the use of the Russian TDA-2K machine, intended for setting up smoke screens; we previously talked about the TDA-2M thermal smoke machine. The TDM-2K thermal smoke machine is manufactured by the Tambovpolimermash company and put into service in 1982. TDA-2K is located on the chassis of a KAMAZ-4310 vehicle and is intended for camouflage of various objects with neutral aerosols, as well as for disinfestation of areas and structures with insecticidal aerosols. The operating principle of the machine is based on the evaporation of a safe smoke-forming substance in a stream of hot gases, followed by condensation of the resulting vapors in the atmosphere. The vehicle deploys in 5 minutes and is capable of placing a smoke screen at a distance of at least 1000 meters for 4 to 13 hours on a single charge, doing this while moving at speeds of up to 40 km/h. The working volume of the aerosol-forming substance tank is 4200 liters. The crew of the car is 2 people.

Russian KamAZ-5350 (6x6) trucks began to be equipped with additional armor designed to protect against drones. It is not yet known to what extent the kits are being mass produced, but they are already being supplied to the troops. In addition, the troops began to receive KamAZ-6350 (8x8) trucks with factory armored cabs of the 2nd protection class. The total weight of the armor set for the KamAZ-5350 truck is 750 kilograms, the armor is placed on the outer and inner parts of the cab, gas tank and engine. The armor is combined and contains Kevlar sheets. The armor class is not reported.

Russian ships will be equipped with additional firepower to protect against naval drones. The Russian Defense Minister, during a working trip, visited the command post of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. After hearing reports from the fleet command and staff officers, the minister set the task of conducting constant training with personnel both during the day and at night to repel threats associated with UAVs and sea drones. The Head of the Ministry of Defense also set the task of placing additional fire weapons and large-caliber machine gun rifle systems on the ships of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, as well as increasing their survivability. What exactly will be posted and in what time frame is not reported. It is worth noting that it is still not clear why the ships of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, in connection with the emerging threats from sea drones, were not previously equipped with additional means of protection.

The Russian electronic warfare system “Peroed”, designed to combat drones, was upgraded to the “Peroed-M” version and put into mass production. Reportedly, the complex has proven itself well in tests at Russian military institutes and in real conditions. Today, this is the most effective complex for detecting and suppressing FPV drones. The group of Moscow companies "SOZ" modified the ultra-sensitive Burdock radars and combined them with portable mobile electronic warfare units; this became the basis of the Peroed-M electronic warfare complex. The complex operates at frequencies from 900 MHz to 5.8 GHz, including non-standard frequencies that are now being used for FPV drones. The complex uses a narrow scanning beam, which reduces the risk of detection. The complex consists, characteristics on the screen, of a phased wearable radar "Repeynik" or an object-based radar "Repeynik-K", an automatic turret "SOZ REB" and an automatic turret "Peroed-M", used to suppress drones. For safety, the radar, electronic warfare units and the operator’s work area are separated from each other by hundreds of meters, which excludes direct detection of operators. The complex is capable of detecting up to 256 drones, depending on their size, at a range of up to 15 km and an altitude of up to 5 km and suppressing them at a distance of up to 2500 meters. Compact dimensions and modular division into two blocks of 15 and 10.5 kg provide the ability to attach to special equipment and ensure the secrecy of movement of combat crews. The complex deploys in 5 minutes and can operate for up to 8 hours, controlled by one person.