Russian Military Technology : Updates and Discussions

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In Russia, they have developed mini ports for drones, the Kopter-L01-5 and Eri-Mini systems produced by Almaz-Antey. Such droneports can be controlled both manually and automatically. "Eri-Mini" is capable of working with the famous DJi Mavic 3 drones or Russian Geoscan-801 drones. Drone ports are integrated into the security system and are used to counter airspace violators, allowing the rapid launch of interceptor drones. When using drone ports, it only takes 1 minute to get your drone ready to fly. The droneport is capable of operating at temperatures from -30ºС to +45ºС; it charges the drone’s battery through an autonomous station in 45 minutes. The complex uses neural networks to recognize objects.

 

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Personnel of the work of Russian units of the engineering troops engaged in providing troops with fuel, special liquids, oils and lubricants. The video shows temporarily created underground bunkers and shelters with fuel and lubricants. This makes it possible to reduce the time required to complete tasks to ensure the uninterrupted supply of troops with fuel and lubricants. As can be seen in the video, the warehouses are dispersed over a considerable distance and are connected by fuel pipelines. All warehouses are autonomous, equipped for permanent residence of personnel, equipped with means of transportation, surveillance and communications. At the bases with fuels and lubricants, places for heating and intermediate feeding of tanker drivers are equipped. There is field laboratory equipment for assessing the quality of fuel using express methods.

 

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A Russian soldier of the “Kamerton” detachment showed how the gunner’s position inside the BPM-3 and how the gun is controlled. The Russian BMP-3 armored personnel carrier is armed with a 100 mm 2A70 gun and a 30 mm 2A72 automatic cannon. The crew of the combat vehicle is 3 people.

 

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The Russian design bureau "MiS", the developer of the MiS-35 hexacopter, has developed the "Guide" system to return the drone to the departure point in the event of a complete loss of communication with the operator. The Guide system ensures that the drone returns to the starting point, even if there is a complete loss of communication with the operator under operating conditions of electronic warfare systems. The system does not use GPS, which can be jammed using electronic warfare, but works on the principles of inertial navigation. In the event of loss of communication between the UAV and the operator, the Guide system takes the drone away from the range of electronic warfare systems, ensuring operation in critical situations. So far, the system only works with the Russian MiS-35 hexacopter.

 

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Russian sappers have begun using drones to clear mines. First, the UAV operator detects an explosive object and determines its type. After that, a TNT charge with a fuse cord is attached to the drone’s release device. The length of the cord is calculated depending on the distance and flight time to the detected ammunition. The drone drops explosives and quickly moves away to a safe distance. Thus, sappers destroy planted explosive devices without risk to personnel.

 

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Checking manufacturers of kamikaze drones in Russia. In Russia, inspections of the work and implementation of the state defense order for the production of attack and reconnaissance UAVs by enterprises in the country continue. The Russian Minister of Defense visited the enterprises of the ZALA AERO group of companies specializing in the production of kamikaze drones “Lancet” and “Cube” and the “Unmanned Systems” enterprise, which produces multi-purpose Supercam UAVs; videos about all drones are on the channel. During a visit to the ZALA AERO group of companies, the minister was informed that the Lancet drones had been improved taking into account their application. New developments have made it possible to link all the company’s drones into a single system capable of effectively hitting enemy targets in an automated manner. The production of drones has reportedly already increased 10 times. The minister was also informed that the production of high-precision weapons, including Vikhr-1 guided missiles, Kitolov-2 guided artillery shells and Strela anti-aircraft guided missiles, is planned to be doubled.

 

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Personnel training of Russian crews of the Basurmanin infantry fighting vehicle. BMP-1AM "Basurmanin" was first presented in 2020; the infantry fighting vehicle is considered one of the best options for modernizing first-generation military equipment. Instead of a turret with a 73-mm 2A28 "Grom" smoothbore cannon, the BMP-1AM "Basurmanin" is equipped with a combat module with a 30-mm stabilized automatic gun 2A72, which has a more advanced combined sight. The Metis anti-tank missile system is used to combat enemy armored targets. In addition, the Russian BMP-1AM is equipped with the “Tucha” system, which allows the installation of camouflage aerosol curtains. In the BMP, the old radio station R-123M was replaced with R-168-25U-2 with improved characteristics. Also, the Basurmanin BMP has become more mobile compared to the first generation BMP-1, due to the installation of a UTD-20S1 engine and torsion shafts with increased energy intensity. In addition, the buoyancy and movement of the vehicle through water was improved due to the installation of displacement wings. The Basurmanin infantry fighting vehicle is equipped with a 300 hp engine. The maximum speed of the infantry fighting vehicle on the highway is 65 km/h. Fuel range up to 550 km. During the production of the BMP-1, from 1966 to 1983, at least 20 thousand combat vehicles were produced. According to 2018 data, about 1,000 infantry fighting vehicles are in service with the Russian Guard and about 7,000 are in the storage of the Russian Ministry of Defense. In addition, about 7,000 BMP-1s continue to be used by the armed forces of 30 countries.

 

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Russian Prometheus complex, robotization of armored vehicles. Russia has begun a full cycle of testing the Prometheus software and hardware complex, capable of converting any armored vehicle, including tanks, armored personnel carriers or infantry fighting vehicles into a remote-controlled robotic vehicle. The complex was developed by the Signal Research Institute. Military equipment equipped with the Prometheus complex is capable of moving along given coordinates without the participation of an operator, autonomously determining the best route, successfully avoiding obstacles, and also quickly processing information received using technical vision. The Prometheus complex is designed for installation on any serial model of military equipment. For example, on the BMP-3 it allows robotic functions of the driver and gunner. At the same time, the Prometheus complex does not affect the ergonomics of the cabin - standard seats for the crew remain inside.

 

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The Russian Titan armored vehicle, developed by Remdizel specialists, is undergoing the final stage of state testing. soon the cars will go to the troops. Titan armored vehicles are a development of the Typhoon family of armored vehicles, also developed by Remdizel, we previously talked about them, the link to the video is in the comments to the video. Unlike the base vehicle, Titan is produced only with Russian components. The vehicle's armor is the same as that of the Typhoon armored car and provides protection against 7.62 mm caliber bullets, fragments of 155 mm shells and an explosion of 6 kg of TNT under the wheel or 4 kg under the bottom. The Titan armored vehicle is equipped with a Spica combat module, with a 2A42 cannon with 300 rounds, a 7.62 mm machine gun with 1000 rounds and 2 Konkurs-M anti-tank guided missiles with a firing range of up to 4 kilometers. It is possible to install foreign combat modules. The vehicle weighs 15 tons, the load capacity is 1420 kg, and the vehicle has a fairly large cargo compartment. Under the hood of the Titan is a 350-horsepower engine, allowing the armored car to accelerate along the highway to 100 kilometers per hour and overcome a ford 1.75 meters deep. The crew of the vehicle is 2 people and up to 6 equipped soldiers. The price of the Titan armored car has not yet been announced.

 

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The commander of the Russian tank support combat vehicle "Terminator" showed how it works at the training ground. These are the first shots showing how the Terminator BMPT is structured inside and the operation of its guidance systems.

 

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The Russian Arena-M active protection complex will be improved, General Designer Valery Kashin announced this to the Russian Minister of Defense. The Arena-M complex for protecting tanks from ATGMs and shells will be equipped on T-72, T-80 and T-90 tanks, and possibly on the Terminator BMPT. The Arena-M complex will also have the function of protecting the tank from drones, since this is now the main threat to tanks. It is not reported how this will be done; most likely there will be a new radar. The Russian active protection complex "Arena-M" was tested back in 2021, it was tested on Russian and foreign ammunition, it is worth noting that it was never installed on tanks. The Arena-M active protection system is similar to the Israeli Trophy tank protection system from Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd., which is installed on the Merkava Mark IV and M1A2C Abrams tanks. The Arena-M complex consists of a radar, an on-board computer, a console and blocks of protective ammunition in installation shafts. The Arena-M complex, with the help of a radar, detects a missile or projectile flying at a tank, after which it gives the command to neutralize it. To do this, narrowly targeted ammunition placed along the perimeter of the tower is fired towards the missile. The complex detects targets at a distance of up to 50 meters and fires defensive ammunition in 0.07 seconds. Each defensive ammunition fires at its own sector around the tank. The use of the Arena-M complex makes it possible to approximately double the survivability of a tank during offensive operations.

 

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Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil, which produces Russian armored vehicles. The head of state got acquainted with the production process of armored vehicles and talked with plant employees. The video shows the T-72BZM and T-90M Proryv tanks ready to be sent to the troops. Judging by the video, special attention was paid to the Terminator tank support combat vehicle. Reportedly, a new workshop for the production of transmissions for military equipment, modern machine tools, as well as samples of finished products were shown. Among other things, the head of state inspected the area preparing equipment for run and firing tests, while work in the workshop did not stop, installation of systems and equipment continued. Uralvagonzavod is the main plant producing tanks for the Russian army. These include the T-14 on the Armata platform, the modernized T-72BZM tank and the T-90 Proryv.

 

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The heavy transport unmanned aerial aircraft of the ultra-short take-off and landing “Partizan” has completed the first stage of flight testing. The UAV is based on the TVS-2MS aircraft. The flight of the heavy UAV lasted 20 minutes at an altitude of 200 meters at speeds from 50 to 200 kilometers per hour. During testing, a pilot was in the cockpit to monitor the parameters. An aircraft with a drone function was developed at the Siberian Aviation Research Institute named after Chaplygin. The Partizan UAV is designed to transport cargo and can be used for civil and military purposes. The Russian Partizan UAV is equipped with a hybrid propulsion system and can take off and land on a site measuring 50 by 50 meters, with obstacles at the border of the site up to 15 meters high. The flight range of the Partizan UAV is up to 1 thousand kilometers, at an altitude of up to 8000 meters with a maximum speed of over 300 km/h, payload weight of up to one ton. As reported, the Partizan unmanned aircraft will be 100% made in Russia. In 2024, it is planned to deploy a production complex and produce 10 serial copies of the Partizan heavy UAV.

 

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Footage of the work of the Russian single-bucket military excavator EOV-3523, produced by the EKSMASH company, put into service in 2012. The EOV-3523 military excavator is designed for mechanization of excavation and loading work when equipping positions, areas where troops are located and areas where command posts are deployed. The EOV-3523 excavator is located on the KAMAZ-KAMAZ-53501 chassis and has better characteristics in comparison with the existing EOV 3521M excavator. The excavator is equipped with an air conditioning system and has a system to protect the chassis cabin from damage due to erroneous actions of the excavator operator during installation of working equipment. The excavator uses a hydraulic system from the German company Bosch Rexroht and can be equipped with replaceable working equipment intended for other work. The volume of the excavator bucket is 0.8 cubic meters, the maximum digging depth is 5 meters, the digging height is 8.6 meters, the soil unloading height is 6.1 meters, the digging radius is 8.5 meters. The weight of the excavator is 18.8 tons.

 

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Delivery and storage of fuel in field storage facilities of the Russian Army. Personnel of the work of units of the fuel logistics service of the Russian Army. The video shows the delivery and transfer of fuel to field storage facilities of the Russian army. Fuel is transported by railway tanks; upon arrival at the station, the presence and serviceability of seals on the railway tanks are checked, after which samples of petroleum products are taken. A fuel sample is taken in each tank, from the bottom, top and middle of the tank. After the laboratory concludes that the quality of the fuel meets the established standards, the fuel is drained.
Loading devices are connected and fuel is pumped into polymer elastic tanks of the field warehouse. Polymer tanks are very convenient; they can be quickly camouflaged and placed on any area of the terrain. The polymer tank is highly durable and has a capacity of 50 cubic meters. Next, the fuel arrives at a stationary warehouse, from where tankers deliver it to the units. Vehicles intended for refueling and transporting fuel are camouflaged and additionally armored.

 

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Russian specialists from the Sukhoi Design Bureau have successfully tested a prototype of a huge heavy vertical take-off and landing UAV. The BTS-VAB UAV is equipped with a hybrid power plant; the drone includes an electric lifting power plant and a piston propulsion engine. Vertical takeoff and landing are carried out by lifting electric motors located on the wing beams. Take-off, route flight and landing are performed fully automatically, without operator participation. During tests on the flight stand, control algorithms and operation of takeoff, hovering and landing systems were tested. The Sukhoi Design Bureau UAV does not require specially prepared sites for takeoff and landing and will allow solving a wide range of transport and logistics tasks. The drone can also accommodate weapons or reconnaissance equipment; the payload capacity of 300 kilograms allows this to be done. At the moment it is known that the UAV’s flight range will be up to 500 kilometers.

 

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A new batch of BMP-3 manufactured in 2024 was sent by Kurganmashzavod to the Russian troops. Quite often they ask why the BMP-3 does not have protection. According to the company, additional protection kits, anti-cumulative grilles and armored screens, are supplied to the customer as separate products and are installed on the equipment upon the arrival of the combat vehicles at the unit. Now the number of Russian BMP-3s transferred to the army since the beginning of this year is one and a half times greater than the volumes of the same period in 2023.

 

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Footage of the modernized Russian Tu-160M missile carriers. The President of Russia visited the Kazan Aviation Plant named after Gorbunov, where he talked with aircraft manufacturers and boarded one of the aircraft. The Tu-160 supersonic bomber entered service in 1987, later it was upgraded to the Tu-160M and Tu-160M2 versions. In the modernized aircraft, most of the equipment, automatic on-board control system, fuel management complex, aviation system, and weapons were replaced. The new information and control system of the aircraft made it possible to abandon analog instruments. The aircraft can carry Kh-555, Kh-101, Kh-15, Kh-22 and Kh-55 missiles. After inspecting one of the aircraft, the President of Russia proposed giving it the name "Mintimer Shaimiev".

 

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A prototype of Afalina maritime drones is shown in Russia. Russia has begun testing a prototype of the Afalina naval kamikaze drone. At the moment, it is known that surface unmanned vehicles are equipped with artificial intelligence, apparently implying communication with neural networks. The unmanned boat will be 3.5 meters long and capable of carrying up to 200 kilograms of explosives over a range of up to 500 kilometers. This is the second type of maritime drone announced by Russia.

 

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The Rhythm-Flight biostimulation complex, designed for quick rest for soldiers, has been introduced in Russia. The complex was developed by engineers of the Nizhny Novgorod NPP Polet and was previously used for civilian purposes and for the quick recovery of military pilots. The “Rhythm-Flight” complex is quite an interesting device and can be useful to many people. According to the developers, the Rhythm-Flight device allows you to achieve deep relaxation of the body in a 20-minute session, comparable to 4–6 hours of sleep. The device, using programmable light and sound effects, normalizes a person’s emotional state, relieves nervous tension and fatigue, increases resistance to stress, prevents fatigue, increases vitality and performance. The “RITHM-FLIGHT” device consists of a mask with a screen transmitting special light signals, headphones, and a remote control for controlling the time and procedure mode. The cost of the RITM-POLET device is about 54 thousand rubles or 580 dollars.