Indian Army Air Artillery, SHORAD, VSHORAD & Radar Systems


Well-Known member
Dec 7, 2017
The Union Minister for Defence, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman being briefed about the latest AESA-based Atulya Radar at the Military Radar and Missile Systems outdoor test facility of BEL-Bangalore by the CMD, BEL, Shri M.V. Gowtama, during her visit to BEL, in Bangalore on January 09, 2018.


Last edited:
This is to cue AD Guns?
yes. Guns like L-70 40mm Bofors and ZSU-23-2 air defense gun


Indian army has 240 flycatcher radar (below), those now can be replaced with more advanced aesa based Atulya ADFCR radar a true indigenus capability


>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> To this, on a HMV


  • ADFCR1.jpg
    743.5 KB · Views: 540
Last edited:
Question 1. Is the gun missile system capable of the following features (each of the following to be clarified separately) :- (a) A gun and missile mix mounted on one or separate high mobility vehicle (s). (b) In case both the guns and missiles are on the same chassis, is at least one of the two weapons slaved to a fire control radar. (c) If the guns and missiles are on separate chassis, in such a case is the gun slaved to a fire control radar. (d) Is the gun able to engage aerial targets both with and without the fire control radar.

Question 2. Does the gun have the following salient features: - (a) Calibre. Suitable caliber to engage aerial targets flying at speeds up to 350m/sec. (b) No of barrels. Single/multi-barrel. (c) Effective Range. Greater than or equal to 2500m. (d) Angular Travel. (i) Azimuth - 3600 . (ii) Elevation - -50 to +850 . (e) Effective Altitude. Not less than 1500 m.

Question 3. Does the missile have the following characteristics :- (a) Range. Not less than 5 km. (b) Target Speed. Up to 500m/sec. (c) War Head. It should cause destruction/incapacitation of the target at specified ranges. (d) SSKP. Not less than 70%.
As Army evaluates foreign missile systems, govt considers building indigenous variant under Make in India

  • Defence ministry moving towards development indeginous very short-range air defence systems.
  • At a recent meeting, it was proposed thata DRDO should develop the systems under Make in India.
  • This comes at a time Army is looking to procure such systems from foreign vendors.

The procurement by Navy and Army would cost over Rs 15,000 crore.

Even as the army evaluates the missile systems of global vendors for a deal expected to be worth over Rs 12,000 crore, the defence ministry is moving towards indigenous development of similar very short-range air defence systems to promote Make in India.

A discussion took place at a high-level meeting in the defence ministry by top government and military officials where it was proposed that the DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) should go ahead to develop the Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORAD) in the country itself, defence sources told Mail Today.

The development is taking place at a time when foreign vendors from three countries - Russia, France and Sweden - have fielded their systems for procurement by the Army to replace their vintage IGLA shoulder-fired air defence systems.

The plan to develop the missile system which can strike targets at ranges of six to seven kms indigenously is being considered as the NDA government has come up with a missile policy which states that the country should become self-reliant in fields of missile by the year 2022, the sources said.

In recent times, the NDA government has moved very fast in favour of indigenous missile systems over the ones to be procured from foreign vendors as it decided to go in for home grown Akash air defence missiles over the ones developed by foreign vendors which were being tried by the army.

The government is also thinking of doing away with the plans to build a single-engine fighter aircraft programme in favour of the light combat aircraft Tejas which is still in the evolution stage in terms of technology and capabilities.

The ongoing global tender for the VSHORADS is also moving very slowly as after over five years in trials and re-trials, the defence ministry has reached the general staff evaluation stage and formed a technical oversight committee to look into the procedures followed by the tender procedure.

Under VSHORAD tender, Indian Army and Indian Navy plan to procure 5,175 missiles and 1,276 single and multi-launchers worth over Rs 15,000 crore with the transfer of technology to Indian defence sector partner for local manufacturing in the country.

Sources in the army said even though every contender has been given opportunity to make themselves compliant with the requirements of the tender as some of them were non-compliant in some fields.

The army has been giving chances to the vendors as it does not want to come to a single vendor situation as the defence ministry is strictly against single-vendor cases as they create a monopoly situation.

As Army evaluates foreign missile systems, govt considers building indigenous variant under Make in India
Last edited:
L-70 Upgraded


  • All Electric Drives to replace existing Hydraulic Drives
  • Integrated Fire Control System with Optronic Sight Consisting of Eye Safe LRF, DLTV and TI
  • Autonomous ballistic computation with round to round correction for muzzle velocity and TILT
  • Silent Operation of Gun with Batteries
  • Interface with TC/FC Radars

Zu-23 Anti-Aircraft Gun Upgraded


  • The Zu-23 Upgrade converts the existing manually laid gun into an all-electric system with autonomous functionality.
  • The complete system is based on design methodologies currently used on military products to comply with the operating and storage temperatures, humidity, dust and rain protection requirements for reliable and fault-free operation.
  • The modular construction of the system is conceptualised and designed keeping the maintainability aspect in view.
Upgraded Schilka system


The Upgraded Schilka system is an advanced air defence system against attacking aircraft and helicopters. The Upgradation includes replacing the existing Radar, analog computer, engine, GTE with state of the art system and addition of air conditioning system for crew comfort. This upgraded system provides drastic improvements in operational performance, accuracies, power consumption and MTBF. The addition of an electro-optical system operating in parallel with the radar enables accurate identification, acquisition and tracking of targets while operating in an ECM environment.

The system is capable of firing aerial targets while on move. The system can accept cueing from external Surveillance Radar. The system can engage enemy aircraft during day or night and in all weather conditions.

  • 3D Active Phased Array Radar
  • Single Target Tracking
  • Multiple Target Tracking due to Electronic Steering in Elevation
  • ECCM Features
  • Low Output Power
  • Optronic System (CCD / TI / LRF)
  • Operator Comfort with Air Conditioner
  • User Friendly Operator Displays
  • New Engine with drastic reduction in fuel consumption
  • Nuclear, Biological, Chemical (NBC) protection system
  • Like
Reactions: Chain Smoker
Indian Army Set For VSHORAD Tender Negotiations

The Indian Army will soon begin contract negotiations in the multi-billion dollar deal for the very short-range air defence system or VSHORAD, after several retrials and delays due to certain non-compliances by the vendors from the given specifications.

“The activities relating to the Contract Negotiation Committee for the deal started in mid-February. The bids will be opened shortly to select the lowest bidder so as to begin cost negotiations,” a defence official was quoted as saying by The Hindu Sunday.

Before the bids are opened, a benchmark price will be set based on various factors, and the bids will be checked with it.

The Request for Information (RFI) was issued in 2010. Three companies made it to the trials — MBDA of France, Rosoboronexport of Russia and SAAB of Sweden.

“Three companies are in the contest, and all have been declared compliant after the re-trials held last year,” the official added.

The VSHORAD tender is intended for the Army and Navy and estimated over $5 bn for 5175 missiles and 1276 single and multi-launchers with stipulated technology transfer requirement for Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSU).

The system should have a maximum range of 6 km and an altitude of 3 km, besides all-weather capability. It will replace the IGLA.
$5 billion is excessive. I don't understand where these people get such estimates from. Isn't VSHORAD just a fancy name for MANPADS? When ATGM itself cost less than $100 thousand, why is VSHORAD costing about 0.8 million a missile?
  • Like
Reactions: Volcano