India-Russia Relations

India, Russia explore North Sea route

New Delhi | Updated onJanuary 14, 2020

India and Russia are looking at new means to further participation in the energy sector, according to Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas, and Steel, Dharmendra Pradhan. In an official statement, Pradhan said, “We are keen to explore the new northern sea route to source crude oil and LNG through Russia’s Arctic. The route has the potential to cut the cost and time for transporting LNG from Russia to India. A sea line between Far-East Russia and the East coast of India will also facilitate sourcing of coking coal from the region.”

“We are working on the strategy to diversify our crude oil supply sources and we are now exploring ways to import crude from Russia as well,” he added. Speaking about co-operation between India and Russia in the oil and gas sector, Pradhan said, “We have strengthened our engagement in hydrocarbon sector. There is an ‘Energy Bridge’ between our two countries. With Russia being one of the largest producers of oil and natural gas and India being the world’s third largest energy consumer, Russia has the potential to become an important source to fulfil India’s oil and gas requirements.”

India, Russia explore North Sea route

India unveils its Arctic policy, focuses on combating climate change​

The Centre on Thursday released India’s Arctic Policy, with the aim of enhancing the country’s cooperation with the resource-rich and rapidly transforming region. The policy also seeks to combat climate change and protect the environment in the region, which is warming three times faster than the rest of the world.
Titled ‘India and the Arctic: building a partnership for sustainable development’, the policy is built on six central pillars — science and research, climate and environmental protection, economic and human development, transportation and connectivity, governance and international cooperation, and finally, national capacity building. It was unveiled by Earth Sciences Minister Jitendra Singh.
Apart from being rich in mineral and oil resources, the Arctic region is also particularly significant due to the many shipping routes that run through it. The adverse effects of climate change are not only impacting the availability of mineral and hydrocarbon resources but are also transforming global shipping routes, according to an analysis of the policy published by the Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.

The policy documents the history of India’s relationship with the region, which can be traced back to February 1920, when it signed the Svalbard treaty in Paris. In 2007, India launched its first scientific expedition to the Arctic. Since then, India has been able to set up an observatory in Kongsfjorden as well as an atmospheric laboratory at Gruvebadet. Since 2013, India has been an Observer nation in the Arctic Council, where it has consistently participated in meetings of Senior Arctic Officials and contributed to its six Working Groups, the policy states.
Under the banner of science and research, the Indian government hopes to build its research capabilities in the region by strengthening existing facilities, such as the Himadri Arctic station in Svalbard. It also hopes to align Indian research with international Arctic priorities. The policy further lays down plans to deploy space technology to better study the Arctic region.
India also plans to study the impact of climate change in the Arctic, to improve response mechanisms across the world. It aims to offer a better analysis of the implications of ice melting in the Arctic on global shipping routes, energy security and exploitation of mineral wealth.
It also seeks to study the linkages between polar regions and the Himalayas and deepen the cooperation between India and the countries of the Arctic region under various Arctic forums, drawing expertise from scientific and traditional knowledge.

(With PTI inputs)

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Reactions: Amarante

Last week our NSA was in US busy meeting NSA Jake Sullivan among other DoD officials, members of Congress, other senior administration officials, etc finalising ICET - which is Initiative on Critical & Emerging Technologies.

US Offers Critical Technologies to India under iCET, elevates strategic partnership

Apart from Afghanistan our NSA is expected to finalise a massive oil deal besides seeking other critical technologies denied us by the West like N reactors in SSNs, ICBMs, etc. Of course all this won't be mentioned in Mainstream news media but it comes from trusted sources . I shouldn't be telling you this Paddy, but wth you're an old pal & we go back a long way. Can't keep such stuff from you.

Meanwhile we'd continue to export refined oil from Russian crude to the UK among other countries which you'd gladly accept (coz your economy is tanking ) like an adulterous woman welcomes her illicit lover at night in private, only to rail out against adultery in public demanding eternal damnation for adulterers & if possible restitution of the biblical practice of stoning. Of course the FTA matters a lot to you too which you'd shamelessly pursue while winding up your press to carry stories denigrating India for "profiting from Russian oil . "


Ajit Doval meets Vladimir Putin, both agree to keep strategic ties going​

A fortnight before Russia’s invasion of Ukraine completes a year, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval met Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow and they agreed to continue work towards implementing the India-Russia strategic partnership.

The Indian embassy in Moscow, in a Twitter post Thursday, said, “NSA Ajit Doval called on HE President Putin. Wide-ranging discussion on bilateral and regional issues. Agreed to continue work towards implementing the India-Russia strategic partnership.”

This is the NSA’s second visit to Russia since the Ukraine war began — he was there in August last year.

The Kremlin said President Putin met with heads of delegations taking part in the multilateral consultations on Afghanistan.
On Wednesday, Doval had attended the fifth multilateral meeting of Secretaries of Security Councils/NSAs on Afghanistan which was hosted by Russia.
🇮🇳 NSA Ajit Doval called on HE President Putin. Wide-ranging discussion on bilateral and regional issues. Agreed to continue work towards implementing the India-Russia strategic partnership.
— India in Russia (@IndEmbMoscow) February 9, 2023
Putin told the visiting NSAs: “I know that this meeting has become a tradition and is devoted to a very important issue — the situation in Afghanistan. Obviously, there is a lot of potential for conflict in the world today. There are many conflicts here, not far from Russia, including on the Ukrainian track.”

“We are well aware and we realise this perfectly well, but this does not reduce the significance of the situation in Afghanistan. This has always been important for us and now it is important more than ever because we do not want more points of tension on our southern borders,” he said.

“Unfortunately, since the American armed forces fled Afghanistan, the situation has not improved. International terrorist organisations are stepping up their activities, including al-Qaeda which is building up its potential,” Putin said.

“We are also worried about attempts to use the situation in Afghanistan to allow extra-regional forces to expand or build their infrastructure. These countries will create this under the pretext of countering international terrorism, but they are not doing anything that is really necessary in the real counterterrorism struggle,” he told the NSAs.

“Obviously, the situation in the country is not improving and we see this. The humanitarian situation is worsening. Millions of people – about 4 million people according to our information – are in need of urgent humanitarian aid. Drug trafficking is on the rise, and unfortunately, the fields are growing, too. I think 80 per cent of opiates in the world market are from Afghanistan,” he said.

“The situation is very complicated, but we are doing all we can to find solutions. We have contacted the country’s leaders in Kabul. We know there are plans to implement large economic projects that could stabilise the situation in the economy,” Putin said.

“Nevertheless, it goes without saying that it is very important for me to listen to your position, your viewpoint because you are exactly the people that are professionally dealing with such issues, including Afghanistan,” he said.

In his address at the multilateral meeting on Afghanistan, Doval said that no country should be allowed to use Afghanistan territory to export terrorism. India, he said, will never abandon the people of Afghanistan in their time of need.

Besides Russia and India, the meeting was attended by representatives from Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

The NSA’s visit to Russia came three months after External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar travelled to the country in November during which the
two sides vowed to expand their economic engagement including India’s import of petroleum products from its “time-tested” partner.

Doval’s visit to Moscow also took place ahead of the G-20 foreign ministers’ meeting in New Delhi. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov is expected to travel to India to attend the meeting on March 1-2.

Last December, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had a conversation with Putin on telephone and discussed the situation in Ukraine and the bilateral relationship. This was their fifth phone conversation since the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Modi and Putin met on the sidelines of the SCO Summit on September 16 last year in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. Modi had told Putin that this is “not an era of war” – this was also reflected in the Bali Declaration of the G20.
While India has not explicitly condemned the Russian invasion, it has called for an international probe into the Bucha massacre and has expressed its concerns over nuclear threats issued by Russian leaders.

At the UN Security Council as well, India has taken a nuanced position and has abstained from voting against Russia in several resolutions since the invasion on February 24, 2022. This, sources said, has been a real test of India’s diplomatic tightrope walk so far.

Despite facing pressure from the West to condemn Moscow’s actions, India has continued to buy Russian oil at discounted prices. Besides, India’s dependence on Russia for its defence supplies is about 60 to 70 per cent of the supplies, and that has faced some challenges in the wake of the Ukraine war.