Russian Military Technology : Updates and Discussions

A complex of guided munitions was created in Russia. The Kizlyar Electromechanical Plant concern has developed an automated gun control system that programs ammunition to explode at the optimal point to hit the enemy. The complex will allow you to hit targets behind obstacles and destroy drones - the system calculates the detonation point so that the explosion creates the largest possible cloud of fragments that hits the target. The prototype is currently being tested on the modernized ZU-23M2 anti-aircraft installation; with the help of this complex it is possible to modernize a wide range of cannon weapons, including calibers of 30, 40 and 57 millimeters. The equipment includes an optical-electronic unit, an automatic target tracking system, a digital computer system and drives for the gun. Moreover, a gun equipped with this system can be controlled remotely using a radio signal or cable.

Exercises on Russian BMP-2M of Russia, installation of Kornet ATGM. Footage of Russian military personnel training on a BMP-2M equipped with the Berezhok combat module. The video shows the process of installing the Kornet ATGM on a combat vehicle. In a modified version, Russian BMP-2Ms are equipped with the B05Ya01 Berezhok combat module. Thanks to this, the firepower of the vehicle is significantly increased. The BMP-2M carries four Kornet ATGMs, a 30-mm 2A42 cannon and a 30-mm AG-30M automatic grenade launcher. If you are interested in Russian armored vehicles, an example of how Russian BMP-3s are assembled at a factory is in the link to the video in the comments to the video.

Russia opens a naval base in Abkhazia. A new permanent base for the Russian Navy will appear on the Black Sea coast in Abkhazia. An agreement between Russia and Abkhazia has already been signed. A Russian naval base will be opened in Ochamchira Bay. It is still unknown what ships will be based there; Russia has now transferred part of its fleet from Sevastopol to Novorossiysk. At the moment, in the city of Ochamchira there is a base for patrol ships of the coast guard of the Border Service of the FSB of Russia; it has been operating since 2017. Plans to create a base for the Russian fleet in Ochamchira were announced 14 years ago, in the summer of 2009. The Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Vladimir Vysotsky, then estimated the duration of construction of the base at two to three years.

Russian Army optical locator Sosna-N for searching for snipers. Russian special forces units tested the Sosna-N anti-sniper complex. The Sosna-N automated complex was first presented in 2021. The Sosna-N optical locator is a remotely controlled laser-optical installation that can automatically detect any optical devices conducting observation or targeting. The complex operates at a distance of up to 2.5 kilometers and can detect and completely illuminate the sniper’s optics with oncoming radiation. The video shows a sniper scope detected at a range of 2300 meters. The complex itself weighs only 4.6 kg, and comes with a special tablet weighing 1.1 kg. The operation of the complex does not depend on the time of day. The complex is capable of operating around the clock in a fully automatic mode using special software. The power supply of the complex is 12 Volts, the complex can also be installed on cars.

Russian troops received self-propelled guns Phlox. Rostec has begun transferring a batch of 120-mm Phlox self-propelled artillery guns to Russian troops. It is worth noting that the serial production of self-propelled guns was organized quite quickly, only 5 months passed. Thanks to good mobility, automation and a relatively low price, the Phlox self-propelled gun is now in demand among the troops. To reduce the cost of equipment, the developers abandoned the tracked chassis and installed the Phlox self-propelled guns on the Ural-4320 vehicle. Also, to reduce the cost, a gun was installed based on the 2A80 from the 2S31 Vena self-propelled gun. By today's standards, the self-propelled gun does not fire far, up to 13 kilometers, but for that it has a very high rate of fire. The Phlox self-propelled gun can fire in the “simultaneous fire attack” mode, when several shells fired one after another simultaneously reach the target.

Assembly of Russian Su-34 aircraft, inspection of the aircraft plant. The Russian Minister of Defense visited the Novosibirsk Aviation Plant named after V.P. Chkalov. The head of the Ministry of Defense inspected the progress of the state defense order and visited the final assembly shops of Su-34 aircraft. During his visit, the management of the aircraft plant reported that currently the enterprise is capable of not only producing Su-34 aircraft, but also carrying out major overhauls of aircraft. Now, in order to save money on production, the company combines aircraft repair work with their modernization. The plant director said that the company has mastered the process of repairing all aircraft parts. The head of the military department set the task for the management of the enterprise to increase the pace of production and repair of equipment, taking into account the demand for its products, since Su-34 aircraft are now most used by aviation.

Production and launch of Russian Sarmat nuclear missiles. The Russian Minister of Defense checked the progress of the state defense order at the Krasmash JSC defense industry enterprise in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The company produces Sarmat fifth-generation strategic missiles, footage of missile launches at the end of the video. The company is currently producing the first production missiles, which will be put on combat duty in the very near future. The General Director of Krasmash JSC reported on the expansion of the enterprise’s production capacity, equipping it with modern technological equipment and the imminent commissioning of a new production building. The Sarmat strategic missile will replace the Voevoda strategic missiles; NATO called these missiles “Satan.” The Sarmat missile carries 10 Avangard guided warheads, the power of each warhead is 750 kilotons. The advantage of this rocket is a quick launch, it enters orbit faster and has much greater energy, allowing it to carry out a nuclear strike from any direction, including through the South Pole.

Russian sniper rifle SHF Chukavin will be mass-produced. The new Chukavina sniper rifle will be put into mass production; the Kalashnikov concern has already completed testing of the SHF rifle. Created to replace the legendary Dragunov SVD rifle, the Chukavina rifle was first introduced in 2017. The Chukavina rifle is designed to defeat enemy personnel at short and medium distances. The small dimensions of the rifle allow the sniper to use it in close combat. The Chukavina semi-automatic sniper rifle uses 7.62x54 mm caliber cartridges. The effective firing range of the new rifle is exactly the same as the SVD, which uses the same cartridge. Many people wonder why it was necessary to make a new rifle then. The fact is that the ergonomics and accuracy of fire on the Chukavin rifle have been improved by 25–30%; it is also equipped with a bipod. You can shoot confidently from a rifle up to a kilometer; at long ranges, the 7.62x54 mm cartridge does not allow you to confidently hit targets. The Chukavin rifle can be equipped with all modern types of equipment, both Russian and foreign made: silencers, thermal, night and infrared sights, as well as laser target designators. The rifle without a magazine weighs 4.8 kilograms.

Test of a Russian thermite incendiary grenade. The latest Russian thermite-incendiary ammunition was tested by special forces soldiers of the Russian National Guard. A thermite incendiary grenade was dropped on the skeleton of an armored personnel carrier. This ammunition allows you to set fire to military equipment and fortified enemy targets; the brand of ammunition is not disclosed.

Assembly of Russian military transport aircraft Il-76. The execution of the state defense order at the Russian aircraft plant "Aviastar" in Ulyanovsk was checked by the Russian Minister of Defense. The plant produces the main Russian military transport aircraft Il-76MD-90A and repairs heavy transport aircraft An-124-100. As the minister said, now the load on aviation has increased significantly, it is 2 times more than it was during the most tense moments during the Soviet era.
The minister also noted that it is necessary to increase the production of Il-76 aircraft, and to quickly modernize older versions. During a visit to the aircraft plant, the minister clarified the type of engines that are planned to be installed on promising models of heavy transport aircraft, as well as during the modernization of An-124-100 aircraft. He was informed that now there are two configuration options - either the modernized D-18T engine or the PD-35 engine. Episodes of assembly of Russian Il-76 aircraft in video.

BTR-70 removed from storage appeared in the Russian troops. The Russian army began using BTR-70 armored personnel carriers removed from storage; the vehicles were spotted in one of the units. The BTR-70 armored personnel carrier was put into service in 1972. The BTR-70's armament includes a 14.5 mm KPVT machine gun and a coaxial 7.62 mm PKT machine gun. The ammunition load of the KPVT machine gun is 500 rounds and 2000 rounds of ammunition for the PKT machine gun. The weight of the armored personnel carrier is 11.5 tons, the speed on the highway is 80 km/h. Crew 2 people and 8 landing people.

A soldier's story about a rare modification of the Russian T-80UE-1 tank. The T-80UE-1 tank is a modernization of the T-80BV tank to the T-80U level. The tank has a turret from T-80UD tanks. The tank is equipped with a Belarusian thermal imager, with a French thermal imaging matrix from Thales.

Tests of the Russian sniper rifle ORSIS 12.7. The five-shot ORSIS 12.7 rifle from Promtekhnologiya is designed for the 12.7x99 mm NATO cartridge and the more powerful Russian 12.7x108 mm cartridge. The rifle is equipped with a Picatinny rail. The effective firing range of the rifle is up to 2600 meters, weight is 12.4 kg. Accuracy of fire is 1 arc minute; to put it simply, from a rifle you can hit a circle with a diameter of 2.9 cm at a distance of 100 meters. The rifle is capable of piercing double brick walls at a distance of 1.5 kilometers. It is worth noting that shooting from 12.7 caliber rifles is harmful to health, the brain gets microconcussions, and the retina may detach. The penetrating power of the ORSIS 12.7 rifle was tested on a brick wall, 5 centimeter bulletproof glass and a bulletproof vest of protection class 6. Shooting was carried out with conventional and armor-piercing cartridges. The energy of 12.7 caliber cartridges can be assessed at the end of the video, using the example of a hole in a bar of soap that imitates a human body.

Russian Guard exercises, MT-12 “Rapier” artillery gun. Units of the Russian Guard conducted exercises using 100-mm MT-12 Rapier anti-tank guns. The MT-12 Rapier anti-tank gun was developed in the early 1960s and is a modernization of the 100 mm T-12 anti-tank gun. Previously, these guns were removed from storage; they are mainly used for the defense of high-risk, energy and life support facilities.

Russia began using the TOS-2 Tosochka combat vehicle. The Russian army began using the TOS-2 Tosochka heavy flamethrower vehicle. The TOS-2 heavy flamethrower vehicle was created on the basis of the TOS-1 Buratino and TOS-1A Solntsepek, however, unlike them, it has a wheeled chassis and significantly better characteristics. The combat vehicle was first shown in 2020. TOS-2 "Tosochka" is located on the "Tornado-U" wheeled chassis. A wheeled platform, compared to a tracked one, makes it possible to quickly deliver a combat vehicle to a firing position, and it is also cheaper to produce. The number of guide tubes for missiles has been reduced, now there are 18 of them, the caliber of the missiles remains the same 220 mm. Now they are using new TBS-M3 missiles; the firing range has begun to reach 16 and even 18 kilometers, according to some sources. TOS-2 with new missiles can hit targets over an area of 6 hectares. An important difference from previous TOS combat vehicles is the presence of an automatic crane for feeding shells; there is no need to use a transport-loading vehicle. The TOS-2 combat vehicle received modern guidance and fire control systems, they became automated. Satellite navigation, a Doppler speed meter, an inertial measurement unit, the latest communication system and a weather station make it much easier for a crew of 3 to complete a combat mission. The vehicle has an electronic defense system.

The Russian military plant Almaz-Antey was built in record time. In Moscow, a military plant of the Almaz-Antey concern was built in a record 8 months. The products of the Almaz-Antey concern are known all over the world; the plant produces air defense systems, in particular, the S-400 air defense system and the S-500 air defense system. The company also produces radars, locators and civilian products. The area of the new military plant is more than 90 thousand square meters, on the areas of which, under one roof, there will be areas for processing, assembly and testing of manufactured products. This arrangement will make it possible to maximally increase production rates to the level required to meet not only current, but also future needs of the Russian Ministry of Defense

The Russian system for protecting equipment from drones, the Volnorez electronic warfare system, has also begun to be installed on armored personnel carriers. A Russian serviceman showed the Volnorez electronic warfare system installed on the BTR-80. Some details about the system have begun to appear; according to a serviceman, the Volnorez electronic warfare system jams FPV drones at a range of up to 600 meters.

Tests of Russian special forces for the right to wear a maroon beret. In the Urals, special forces of the Russian Guard were tested for the right to wear a maroon beret. Qualification tests for the right to wear the Maroon Beret were developed in 1986. Tests are being carried out on all troops at present. It is worth noting that these tests do not provide the soldier with any privileges or financial benefits. The main incentive is the direct respect of colleagues and confirmation of one’s own strength and courage. Also, increased stress on the body can affect health. The tests involve a 10-kilometer forced march. While covering the distance, fighters also need to overcome “infected” areas with gas masks and water obstacles, repel sudden enemy fire, repel an attack from the air, overcome rubble, swampy terrain and other obstacles. From time to time, soldiers are forced to move under small fire in small dashes or crawls. Throughout the entire distance, a special group works, which is engaged in “psychological processing”, putting pressure on the special forces. Along the entire route, the soldiers are accompanied by instructors who monitor the correctness of overcoming obstacles. After the march, the skills of storming high-rise buildings are tested. Next, training matches are held, lasting 12 minutes, with a break of no more than a minute to provide medical assistance. During sparring, 4 partners change. It is worth noting that for special forces soldiers whose age is 35 years or older, there is a special, abbreviated program. The video describes only the main stages of the tests.

Operation of the R-439OD satellite communications vehicle and the R-149BMRD command and control vehicle of Russia. Russian military personnel showed the operation of the command and staff vehicle R-149BMRD and R-439OD, one might say this is a unique video; at the moment there are no more videos with these vehicles. Previously, we talked about a similar vehicle, the R-149MA1, designed to provide control and communications, but it was made on the basis of the BTR-80. The R-149BMRD command and staff vehicle is designed to organize control and communication via wired, radio and satellite communication channels.

Footage of the work of the most powerful Russian self-propelled gun "Malka" with a caliber of 203 mm. The 2S7M Malka self-propelled gun was developed in 1986, despite the low rate of fire of the 2A44 gun, it is about 2.5 rounds per minute, the impacts of 110 kilogram shells cause severe damage to objects. The self-propelled gun is capable of actively firing rockets at targets at a range of up to 47 kilometers. There is no full-fledged analogue of the Malka self-propelled gun in the world now, except for the American M110 self-propelled howitzer, but it was withdrawn from service in 1994. The transportable ammunition of the self-propelled gun is 8 shells, the gun is serviced by 6 people. Despite its size, the self-propelled gun can be quickly prepared for work; it takes only 7 minutes. The self-propelled gun chassis is designed for a range of 10 thousand kilometers. There are currently about 80 2S7M Malka self-propelled guns in the Russian army.