People's Republic of China (PRC) : News & Discussions

RISING SUN

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India, China resolved dispute over large segment of border: Ram Madhav
Ahead of the 21st round of India-China boundary talks, senior BJP leader Ram Madhav said today that a dispute over a "large segment" of the border with China has been resolved, barring the Western sector, and the negotiations were moving in the positive direction.

India and China have so far held 20 rounds of Special Representative-level talks to resolve the dispute over the 3,488-km long Line of Actual Control. The next round of talks are due to be held between National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi in the coming weeks.

"The talks are moving in the positive direction," BJP General Secretary Madhav, who is currently visiting China, told the Indian media here.

"It is not true. Most of the time those who are engaged in talks don't disclose day-to-day progress. They want to achieve certain milestone then only they will disclose," he added, refuting the perception that the border talks have not made much headway.

"As far as I know, issues with large segments of our border have been resolved. There ..
India, China resolved dispute over large segment of border: Ram Madhav
 

Picdelamirand-oil

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JY-300: CETC flies AEW drone to compliant radar

In July 2013, when WANG Xiao Mo (王小 谟) is interviewed by the People's Daily reporters on the question of what he could be the Chinese AWACS of tomorrow, this Radar Academician, recognized as "the father of and airborne control in China, imagined a device without back radome and only antennas compliant . Five years later, it is on a MALE drone that the CETC group, where WANG holds the position of Deputy Director of the Commission for Science and Technology, begins to implement these ideas.







According to a statement from Institute 38 of this Chinese electronics group, the drone Tian Shao (天 哨 in Chinese, which means Sentinel of the Sky) recently managed its first 30-minute flight at Pucheng Neifu Airport in the province. from Shaanxi. The text gives little details as the Chinese custom wants, but the chosen vocabularies still give some interesting clues about the nature of the craft.

For example, the exact word for the drone is "sensored flying machine", and the Institute 38 also emphasizes that the design of the machine and radar payloads is highly integrated. If this "integrated design" can seem confused at first, the reading of several patents filed in 2016 by this consulting firm specializing in the design of fighter and AWACS radars, like that of the KJ-500, clearly allows to put in connection with this term and the use of conforming radar antennas.

In one of the patents that refers to an electronic scanning system on a "sensor flying machine", AESA radar antennas are installed on the leading and trailing edges of the wing, with an arrow angle carefully chosen to cover the whole area.

At the end of 2017, another patent involving a matrix of active electronic scanning antenna on a drone was submitted, with a level of detail sufficient to suggest that the technologies would be at the industrial stage.





Excerpts of two patents filed by CETC 38th on the application of drone compliant radars (Image: CETC 38th)

Note that the drone Tian Shao could actually be the JY-300, an "AEW system without a pilot", presented in the month of June by the same institution at the Radar Show in Nanking.

If this is the case, it will be a 1,300-kg take-off UAV with a carrying capacity of 400 kg, capable of flying at a maximum speed of more than 200 km / h and a ceiling of 7 500 meters. The autonomy of the machine is greater than or equal to 15 hours.

According to the description provided by its manufacturer, the JY-300 is designed for the surveillance of naval targets such as ships, aircraft and anti-ship missiles, but there is no indication today that it act of an embedded drone as claims some Chinese media. It seems to be delicate in all cases given the size of the aircraft, 17 meters according to a source close to the backrest, and without the mechanism to fold the wings.

Apart from the performance of the vector itself, one can also observe on the model and also in the manufacturer brochure the locations where the compliant antennas are installed. The images show that they are on both sides of the cell, on the leading edges of the wing and possibly towards the fins.




Yellow bands indicate locations for radar antennas on the JY-300

Given the images released so far, it is difficult to say if the drone Tian Shao is already equipped with radar compliant at this stage, but any logic should first validate the characteristics in flight of the craft before the party embedded is not installed and tested in turn.

Also remember that CETC is not a specialized entity in aeronautical design, unlike AVIC, so it is not surprising that the platform itself is developed in collaboration with a third party, but this remains to be confirmed.

The satellite images taken on October 1 at Pucheng Neifu Airport, the day after the first flight of Tian Shao , show that the drone and its support teams have already left. Other flight tests are probably necessary for the rest of the program, we will have the opportunity to return to the subject soon.


Pucheng airport where the drone Tian Shao made its first flight. Image dated 1st October 2018.

JY-300 : CETC fait voler son drone AEW aux radars conformes | East Pendulum
 

BMD

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Two years after Philippines' pivot, Duterte still waiting on China dividend

Two years after Philippines' pivot, Duterte still waiting on China dividend




FILE PHOTO: Chinese President Xi Jinping shakes hands with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte as they attend the welcome ceremony at Yanqi Lake during the Belt and Road Forum, in Beijing, China, May 15, 2017. REUTERS/Roman Pilipey/Pool

MANILA (Reuters) - Two years after Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte announced a divorce with old ally the United States in return for bumper business ties with China, he doesn't have much to show for it.

Duterte left Beijing in 2016 with $24 billion of Chinese loans and investment pledges for his ambitious infrastructure overhaul, a few weeks after saying the Philippines was being treated like a dog by Washington and would be better off with China.

But only a fraction of China's pledged support has materialized, exposing Duturte to criticisms he has been complicit in allowing China to pose threats to Philippines' sovereignty, and been left high and dry by Beijing.

When Xi Jinping visits the Philippines this week, Duterte will need the Chinese president to put his money where his mouth is and help Duterte justify his geopolitical concessions to a historic rival, according to Richard Heydarian, a Manila-based defense and security analyst.

"Otherwise, we can definitely conclude that there's really nothing much in the rhetoric and the Philippines has been taken for a ride," Heydarian said.

"Duterte's naivety with China has been a slam dunk strategic coup for China, no doubt about it."

Philippine's Budget Secretary Benjamin Diokno said it would be unreasonable to expect all the Chinese pledges to come through after only two years, but officials were hopeful intervention by Xi after his visit could help.

"We're very optimistic this will, their head of state, will pressure their bureaucracy to speed up the process," he said last week.

Duterte's signature "Build, Build, Build" infrastructure program, the centerpiece of his economic strategy, involves 75 flagship projects of which about half are earmarked for Chinese loans, grants or investments.

But according to publicly available Philippine government documents reviewed by Reuters, only three of those - two bridges and an irrigation facility worth a combined $167 million - have so far broken ground.

The rest, including three rail projects, three highways and nine bridges, are at various levels of planning and budgeting, or are awaiting Chinese government approval for financing, or the nomination of Chinese contractors.

'POSITIVE RESULTS'

China's foreign ministry said major projects agreed by both sides "are proceeding smoothly and continue to achieve positive results". China wanted to boost trade and investment and "promote the early commencement of building of even more agreed upon projects," the ministry said in a statement to Reuters.

Chinese committed investments in the Philippines in the first half of this year were just $33 million, about 40 percent of that of the United States and about a seventh of Japan's, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority, tracking a similar trend the previous year.

Trade between China and the Philippines has picked up significantly, but data suggests mostly in China's favor.

Chinese exports to the Philippines grew 26 percent in the first nine months of 2017 from the same period a year earlier, outpacing its imports from Manila, which grew 9.8 percent.

Net foreign direct investment from China has, however, surged to $181 million for the first eight months of this year, from $28.8 million for all of 2017, according to the Philippine central bank.

PRESSURE NEEDED

Duterte has made a point of praising China effusively and confessing his "love" for Xi. He even jokingly offered his country to Beijing as "a province of China".

Many ordinary Filipinos as well as international lawyers and diplomats are incensed by Duterte's refusal to even raise with China the Permanent Court of Arbitration's (PCA) 2016 award that ruled in the Philippines' favor, and invalidated Beijing's claim to most of the South China Sea.

Instead, Duterte is seeking an agreement with China to jointly explore offshore gas at the disputed Reed Bank in the resource-rich and strategic waterway. Some lawmakers fear that could be tantamount to recognizing Beijing's claim to a site that the PCA ruling said China has no sovereign rights to under international law.

Duterte has also been against Southeast Asian countries taking a united stand against China militarization and at a regional summit last week, he warned against causing friction, because the South China Sea was "now in their (China's) hands".

Heydarian said if Duterte was unable to show an economic dividend from his China gambit, it could weaken his hand ahead of 2019 mid-term elections that might determine the success or failure of his presidency.

To stand a chance of delivering on his policy agenda, Duterte needs his allies to command a majority in Congress and the Senate to ensure key legislation is passed to enable reforms aimed at generating revenue, attracting investment and creating higher-quality jobs.

"If after Xi Jinping's visit, there's still no big move by China to invest in the Philippines, if China's militarization and reclamation will just continue unabated, you're going to have a situation where Duterte will come under extreme pressure," he said.

"The opposition is going to use that to pin down Duterte and his allies as Chinese lackeys."
 

RISING SUN

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Why India’s expanding military ties with the United States and Russia could put the squeeze on China
China’s military can expect far less latitude as regional rival India diversifies its military partnerships, analysts said.

India, which has conducted military exercises with powers including the United States and Russia this year, joined China on Tuesday for Hand-in-Hand 2018, which aims to strengthen the nations’ anti-terrorist operations.

The joint drill in Chengdu, Sichuan province, will last 14 days. The exercises with India began in 2013 but were called off last year because of the dispute over Chinese road-building on the Doklam Plateau region of the Himalayas.

The sides, which fought a war in 1962, stood down after eight weeks later as diplomacy prevailed.

Besides its ties with China, India is holding exercises with Russian air and naval forces. The first leg of the biennial Exercise Avia Indra took place in the skies over Lipetsk, Russia in September, and a second started in Jodhpur on December 10 and ends on Friday.

India has also reached out to the United States, and their air forces took part in the Cope 18 exercise, an 11-day drill over West Bengal, which ended on Friday.

New Delhi’s expanding military relationships muddied the waters for Beijing and its regional ambitions, Collin Koh, a research fellow from S Rajaratnam School of International Studies at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, said.

“These Indian defence and security engagements with foreign powers are likely to bring Indian forces greater ability to work closely with foreign counterparts … complicating China’s strategic and operational military freedom to manoeuvre, in peacetime especially,” he said.



India’s military-political relations and arms trade with the US have been on a rapid rise in recent years. The US, as part of its foreign policy to counter China’s growing influence in Asia, has notched up arms sales to India worth US$15 billion over the past decade, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).



Those deals have brought closer strategic ties – India joined the US, Japan and Australia in discussions on freedom of navigation, terrorism and maritime security in Asia at November’s Asean summit in Singapore.

The meeting was widely viewed as a resurgence of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue or Quad, an informal annual gathering that ran for three years from 2007 that focused on China’s growing economic and military influence in Asia.

Abhijit Singh, head of the Maritime Policy Initiative at Observer Research Foundation, an independent think tank based in India, said Delhi’s keenness to diversify military partnerships was driven by its need to maintain its influence in the region.

“While India has sought to reset political ties with China, many Indian policymakers and experts think Beijing is working to undermine Indian authority in a perceived sphere of influence,” Singh said.

“China indeed hovers in India’s strategic calculation, especially with her aggressive moves both in India’s eastern sector and in the Indian Ocean region,” said Debasis Dash of University Malaya in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, an Asia analyst focused on strategic affairs in the Indo-Pacific region.

Dash said India could provide Russia with a reliable friend other than China, and India’s evolving partnership with the US in the Indo-Pacific would bring scope for cooperation between the two forces.

India’s military ties with Russia go back to the Soviet era, as the country bought weapons, ranging from aircraft to artillery, from 1950s, according to SIPRI. At Cope 18, India’s Russian-built Sukhois flew with American F15s.

Singh said India’s balancing act was likely to lead to a more watchful China.

“If India strengthens its military engagement with Pacific powers seemingly unfriendly to China, Beijing’s resolve in South Asia and the Indian Ocean is likely to be strengthened,” he said.



India has courted both Russia and the US for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group – 48 countries that trade in nuclear materials and technology.

China has stridently opposed India’s bid, mainly on the grounds that New Delhi is not a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Rajeev Ranjan Chaturvedy, a research associate at the Institute of South Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore, said India’s push to diversify military partners could bring balance to the region as China and the US race for military advantage.

“India’s increasing and visible military diplomacy is a force of stability and it gels well with India’s policy of ‘first respondent’ and ‘net security provider’ in the region,” he said.
Why India’s military ties with US and Russia could squeeze China
 
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vstol Jockey

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Just did a quick search and found this.

1 ton TNT energy is equivalent to 4184×1000000 joules. Or 4184 Million joule. Article says facility's capacity is only 60 million joule. Something is wrong somewhere.
They might be designing just the core testing facility.
 

Ashutosh

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How does it compare to mega joule?

Just did a quick search and found this.

1 ton TNT energy is equivalent to 4184×1000000 joules. Or 4184 Million joule. Article says facility's capacity is only 60 million joule. Something is wrong somewhere.


Joules to energy.jpg


That is about 17 Units of electricity or 60 Megajoule. The thing is the Sandia machine can output 2.7 million joules (Mega Joule) in 1 pico second. That is huge.

However this particular quote : "China’s Z machine is “designed to produce about 60 million joules of energy in an instant – roughly 22 times the 2.7 million joules generated at the Sandia facility,” according to the South China Morning Post . “It does this by firing powerful electrical pulses at a target about the size of a spool of thread consisting of hundreds of tungsten wires, each thinner than a human hair. When the pulses pass through the wires, the tungsten explodes, evaporates and creates a plasma with a magnetic field so strong that the exploded particles are forced inward. The particles collide, producing intense radiation – mostly X-rays – and creating conditions that more accurately reflect a real nuclear explosion.”

You see, they have cleverly said in an Instant but not put out for how much actual time duration. Now lets go back to the literal give away of in the article. In 2006, Z the facility at Sandia produced plasmas with temperatures in excess of 2 billion kelvins and It was before the Facility was upgraded to 2.7 MJ in 2007.

Now, the article says, “With so much energy, we can heat a target to more than 100 million degrees Celsius,” boasted one Chinese nuclear physicist. “It will dwarf the machine in Sandia.” "

Can you see the obvious disinformation here? 2.0x10^9 K in Sandia and 1.0x10^8+ K in China. Not only this puts to light that Chinese are way behind US in R&D today but are probably an order of a magnitude behind divided by 2 to Where US was in 2006. :geek:
 

_Anonymous_

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View attachment 3872

That is about 17 Units of electricity or 60 Megajoule. The thing is the Sandia machine can output 2.7 million joules (Mega Joule) in 1 pico second. That is huge.

However this particular quote : "China’s Z machine is “designed to produce about 60 million joules of energy in an instant – roughly 22 times the 2.7 million joules generated at the Sandia facility,” according to the South China Morning Post. “It does this by firing powerful electrical pulses at a target about the size of a spool of thread consisting of hundreds of tungsten wires, each thinner than a human hair. When the pulses pass through the wires, the tungsten explodes, evaporates and creates a plasma with a magnetic field so strong that the exploded particles are forced inward. The particles collide, producing intense radiation – mostly X-rays – and creating conditions that more accurately reflect a real nuclear explosion.”

You see, they have cleverly said in an Instant but not put out for how much actual time duration. Now lets go back to the literal give away of in the article. In 2006, Z the facility at Sandia produced plasmas with temperatures in excess of 2 billion kelvins and It was before the Facility was upgraded to 2.7 MJ in 2007.

Now, the article says, “With so much energy, we can heat a target to more than 100 million degrees Celsius,” boasted one Chinese nuclear physicist. “It will dwarf the machine in Sandia.” "

Can you see the obvious disinformation here? 2.0x10^9 K in Sandia and 1.0x10^8+ K in China. Not only this puts to light that Chinese are way behind US in R&D today but are probably an order of a magnitude behind divided by 2 to Where US was in 2006. :geek:
Thanks for the elaborate reply. It's very informative. However, I was referring to a similar machine developed by France by the name of mega joule used to conduct similar simulations, where I believe, as per a secret pact with the GoI, even we seem to use that facility to test our thermo nuclear devices.
 

Ashutosh

Vyom
Team StratFront
Nov 30, 2017
416
469
Rajasthan, India
Thanks for the elaborate reply. It's very informative. However, I was referring to a similar machine developed by France by the name of mega joule used to conduct similar simulations, where I believe, as per a secret pact with the GoI, even we seem to use that facility to test our thermo nuclear devices.
France megajoule is the equivalent of National Ignition Facility at Livermore, US. Not that of Sandia, two different labs serving entirely different experiments/purpose
 
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