News of science and technology around the world

Soldier35

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A futurist engineer from Yemen and Hashim al-Ghaili developed a project for a flying plane-hotel Sky Cruise. The flying nuclear-powered hotel Sky Cruise is capable of carrying up to 5,000 people. The giant plane will fly without pilots. The artificial intelligence system will be in charge of this, but a human will be able to take control at any time. According to the author's idea, the artificial intelligence-controlled Sky Cruise will take to the skies thanks to 20 nuclear-powered engines. According to the creator, this will solve the issue of carbon dioxide emissions. The liner will not need to land on the ground for maintenance, it will be able to fly for years. Everything necessary for a normal life of people will be delivered by electric aircraft. So far, mankind does not have the opportunity to implement such a project. On the other hand, not so long ago, tourist flights into space were also considered science fiction.


 
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Amarante

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Falcon algorithm - co-developed with Thales - selected by NIST as new post-quantum cryptography standard

The US Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has selected the Falcon algorithm for digital signatures.

Co-developed to become the standard for post-quantum cryptography, it is capable of withstanding attacks from future, extremely powerful quantum computers.

Selected for its high level of security and remarkable spectral efficiency, Falcon will be integrated into NIST's post-quantum cryptography standards, the definition of which should be finalised within two years.

The selection of Falcon, after five years of worldwide competition, demonstrates Thales' leadership in cybersecurity, advanced technologies and research.

In the international competition launched in 2017 by NIST to establish future post-quantum cryptography standards for digital signatures and public key encryption, in which 82 applicants from 25 countries participated, the Falcon algorithm was selected for its extremely high level of security and very high spectral efficiency.

Falcon was co-developed by Thales with academic and industrial partners from France (Université Rennes 1, PQShield SAS), Switzerland (IBM), Canada (NCC Group) and the United States (Brown University, Qualcomm). It has been selected by NIST along with two other algorithms as the standard for digital signatures, while a fourth algorithm has been selected as the standard for public key encryption. Thales is the only high-tech group active in the defence, aerospace and digital identity markets to have participated in the competition.

Post-quantum cryptography will enable conventional computers to withstand attacks from extremely powerful quantum computers, which many experts expect to appear within a few years. Quantum machines will give computers so much computing power that they will be able to break current cryptographic algorithms in a matter of seconds.


This "quantum leap" in computing power could pave the way for a "cryptographic apocalypse" and pose an extremely serious threat to the security of digital systems used by citizens and organisations around the world on a daily basis, such as critical information systems, online banking, payment cards, e-commerce, electronic signature procedures or online voting.A hacker with a quantum computer, for example, could easily gain access to confidential data, impersonate someone or falsify legal transactions and contracts. Similarly, a nation's security could be threatened if its critical communication systems were the target of a quantum attack.

What makes new algorithms, such as Falcon, quantum-proof are the mathematical problems on which they are based, which are some of the hardest to solve, even for a quantum computer.

Organisations wishing to protect their data in a 'zero trust' world need to adopt a robust quantum crypto-agility strategy. Thales' cyber solutions consulting teams have developed a post-quantum cyber architecture offering to help their customers prepare for the risk of cyber attacks from quantum computers. Thales also uses quantum-resistant algorithms in its Luna encryption network and HSM module.


"Thales has been at the forefront of post-quantum cryptography research since 2013; the selection of the Falcon algorithm by NIST is recognition of the excellent co-development work and expertise of our encryption teams. We will continue our ongoing research in France and Europe to develop innovative post-quantum trust solutions, without sacrificing any performance. We are already supporting our customers in their transition to a new generation of security solutions to avoid a future 'cryptographic apocalypse'," said Pierre-Yves Jolivet, Vice President, Cyber Defence Solutions at Thales.
 
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Soldier35

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The Chinese company Xiaomi has introduced a humanoid robot CyberOne. The new robot was developed by the Xiaomi Robotics Lab division. The robot is 177 cm tall, weighs 52 kg, and has an average movement speed of 3.6 km/h. With the help of sensors, he orients himself in space, recognizes people and can react to their actions. The company reports that the robot is able to answer questions, maintain a conversation and recognize 45 human emotions.

 

Soldier35

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Footage of China's first solar-powered Qimingxing 50 UAV has been released. The large-sized twin-fuselage UAV was developed by the First Aircraft Building Institute AVIC. The UAV took off from Yulin Airport and stayed in the air for 26 minutes before landing on the same runway. The Qimingxing 50 UAV is equipped with six solar-powered electric motors. He can observe forest fires, conduct geodetic surveys, perform high-altitude reconnaissance and other tasks that require a long stay in the air.

 

Soldier35

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The assembly in Earth orbit of China's first space station Tiangong has been completed. Currently, the Tiangong space station is located in low Earth orbit, consisting of Tianhe, Wentian and Mengtian modules connected in a T-shaped structure. “The relocation of the Mengtian laboratory module was successfully completed on November 3rd. The Chinese station "Heavenly Palace" is located at an altitude of about 400 km and should last more than 10 years.

 

Soldier35

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The electrification of vehicles has reached the conservative niche of mining dump trucks. The American company Caterpillar has introduced a prototype of the world's first all-electric mining truck Caterpillar 793 with a capacity of 2650 hp. With. Caterpillar has not yet disclosed the characteristics of its dump truck. The Caterpillar 793 looks like the company's standard mining truck. During a test run at the company's test site in Arizona, a dump truck transported a load weighing 265 tons over a distance of 7 km. The dump truck sometimes accelerated to a maximum speed of 60 km / h.

 

Soldier35

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Biotechnologist Hashem Al-Ghaili showed how childbirth could look like in a short time. The scientist created the concept of a plant for artificially growing babies called Ecolife. It is assumed that one such installation will be able to "grow" up to 30,000 babies a year, while future parents will be able to assess the condition of their child using a special mobile application. The founder of the project, Hashem al-Ghaili, is confident that the Ec to Life concept can one day replace traditional childbirth and help those who are trying to get pregnant. Startup Ecolife is designed to fight the problem of falling birth rates and, according to optimistic experts, can earn money over the next ten years.

 

Soldier35

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Roboticists at the Korea Institute of KAIST, together with colleagues from the University of Illinois in the United States, have developed a Marvel robot that can climb walls and ceilings. With the help of the robot, they plan to check oil tanks, bridges, water towers and other metal structures. The limbs of the MARVEL robot are equipped with magnetic elastomer components and traditional electromagnets. The electronic control system allows you to magnetize each of the limbs of the robot at the right time. Before climbing the wall, the robot, like a cat, checks the surface. Tests have shown that the MARVEL robot is capable of carrying a payload of up to 3 kilograms and moving along a horizontal surface at a speed of up to 0.7 m/s.

 

Soldier35

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The Russian helicopter-type UAV BAS-200 received a certificate of airworthiness. This is the first UAV certified in Russia according to airworthiness standards. So far, according to the certificate, the UAV cannot carry cargo, but certification work will continue. The developer and manufacturer of the BASE-200 is the Mil and Kamov National Helicopter Building Center of the Russian Helicopters holding. The UAV will be used in the Arctic for geophysical exploration, searching for oil and gas fields, as well as for delivering cargo to hard-to-reach places in Russia. BAS-200 is equipped with a 54 hp engine. The flight range in automatic mode with a load of up to 50 kg is 430 km. The drone can fly up to 3,500 meters at a speed of up to 160 km/h. Flight duration up to 4 hours.

 

kharabela

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Qualcomm Introduces Snapdragon Satellite, The World's First Satellite-Based Solution Capable of Supporting Two-Way Messaging for Premium Smartphones and Beyond​


 

kharabela

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The artificial pancreas involves an insulin pump controlled by an algorithm, which predicts how much insulin an individual will need in response to glucose levels, and automatically adjusts the amount accordingly. The device combines an off-the-shelf glucose sensor and insulin pump with an app that they developed, known as CamAPS HX . the patients can monitor the device using the CamAPS HX app on their smartphones.

 

Soldier35

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Google developed the Bard chat bot, a direct competitor to the ChatGPT chat bot, which has become incredibly popular. Let's briefly explain what it is. Chatbot Bard and ChatGPT is essentially a regular chat in the messenger. In it, you can ask any questions and receive answers to them in text form. The ChatGPT neural network is a project of the OpenAI team, answering user questions, the ChatGPT neural network is based on its information base. ChatGPT answers can be confused with the answers of a real person, the neural network can write poems, articles, essays, pieces of program code, and so on are already being written with it. The emergence of these networks has been compared to the discovery of electricity, and it has been suggested that these neural networks may soon put some people out of work. According to Google CEO Sundar Pichai, the Bard chatbot is an experimental AI conversational service based on the LaMDA platform. For detailed responses to queries, Google's Bard neural network will use information from the Internet.

 

kharabela

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Australians have discovered a enzyme that use atmospheric hydrogen to produce electricity . Early uses of the “natural battery” enzyme Huc include tiny air-powered devices that can be used instead of solar-powered devices.

 

kharabela

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Soldier35

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Robots Optimus Tesla began to collect themselves. Tesla specializes not only in the production of electric vehicles, but also in the development of humanoid robots. At a meeting for investors, Elon Musk demonstrated how two Optimus Tesla humanoid robots "assemble" a third robot. As you can see, the predictions of science fiction writers sooner or later become a reality. The current prototypes of Optimus robots can move at a speed of 8 km / h, lift up to 68 kg, carry up to 20 kg of cargo from place to place. At the same time, the Tesla robot weighs about 57 kg. Tesla plans to use thousands of Optimus robots in its factories, which will likely lead to job cuts. In the future, the company is going to sell robots, their cost will be about $20,000.

 
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