Military Technology from Ukraine

An attempt to land Ukrainian troops in the Crimea. The Ukrainian army has published footage of the night landing near Olenevka on Cape Tarkhankut in Crimea. Two to four high-speed boats armed with American M2 Browning machine guns and Mk19 automatic grenade launchers were used. The landing itself did not affect anything, the sabotage group conducted demonstrative shooting at the camera and departed back to Burlachya Beam. According to some reports, there was a fight, but there is no video of this event. If there was a fact of the landing of the group, then the water area of the Crimea is not well patrolled by the Russian army. The landings of such groups can lead to diversions at the military facilities of the Crimea.

Ukrainian homemade optical sight created from binoculars and a smartphone. A homemade optical sight consists of binoculars and a smartphone attached to it, used as a monitor. This entire structure is mounted on an American Browning machine gun, how effective this is is not reported.

Ukrainian soldiers have begun dismantling cluster rounds and turning them into ammunition for drones. For these purposes, the M483A1 155-mm cluster shells, manufactured by the Turkish company MKE, previously delivered to Ukraine, are taken and cut into several parts.

Details about the Swedish BvS10 armored personnel carriers of the Ukrainian army. Footage of the use of two-link BvS10 tracked armored personnel carriers by the Ukrainian army has been published; in total, Ukraine received 28 Dutch vehicles. The BvS10 amphibious armored personnel carrier was developed in the first half of the 2000s by the Swedish division of BAE Systems, commissioned by the UK Ministry of Defense. Currently, BvS 10 transporters in different versions are in service with six countries. The main function of the BvS10 is to transport troops and equipment weighing up to 5 tons; the vehicle is also able to cross water obstacles. BvS 10 is a machine with two bodies connected by a special hinge mechanism. The front hull houses the power plant, the driver's cabin and some of the passenger seats. The rear link has the main compartment and is equipped with track drives. The vehicle has protection against small arms fire, which can be enhanced to protect against 14.5 mm bullets. The BvS 10 armored personnel carrier can be armed with 5.56 and 12.7 mm machine guns, as well as a 40 mm grenade launcher. Due to the low ground pressure, not all anti-tank mines are triggered under the vehicle. In different modifications, BvS 10 conveyors use diesel engines of several models with a power of 285 hp. The car's power reserve is 500 km, speed up to 70 km/h. In total, the Bandvagn Skyddad 10 transporter accommodates 12 people, including the crew. The price of the BvS10 transporter is about 1.5 million dollars.

A drone for installing and dropping mines was shown in Ukraine. In Ukraine, drones have begun to be equipped with devices for installing and dropping TM-62M anti-tank mines. The device itself is quite simple and consists of a tray into which the mine is loaded. The drone descends to the ground and the mine slides off the tray. This method is convenient for mining areas where there is tall grass or creating mine barriers on roads.

Ukraine received British heavy drones Malloy T-400. The Ukrainian army received British Malloy T-400 drones. The Malloy T-400 heavy-duty drone is manufactured by Malloy Aeronautics, the drone has electric motors and is equipped with replaceable electric batteries, so there is no need to waste time recharging the batteries, they can simply be replaced. The drone is designed to carry heavy loads and is capable of lifting up to 180 kilograms. In Ukraine, they plan to use the T-400 drone as a backup logistics tool for supplying ammunition, provisions, medicine and fuel, as well as for evacuating the wounded. The drone can also be used for military purposes by equipping it with an ammunition mount, but due to its large signature, the drone will be too noticeable on radar. The T-400 drone can reach speeds of up to 126 km/h, according to the manufacturer, the range of the drone is up to 70 kilometers.

Since there is no topic about the Georgian army, we publish it here. Ukraine also received similar grenade launchers. The Georgian Ministry of Defense received the first batch of Spanish C90 reusable grenade launchers produced by Instalaza. S90 series grenade launchers were also supplied to Ukraine. 90 mm C90 grenade launchers began to be developed in the eighties and have been modernized since then. The grenade launcher is capable of penetrating up to 500 mm of steel and 1000 mm of concrete. Georgian Defense Minister Juansher Burchuladze himself checked the grenade launcher at the test site. The firing range of the grenade launcher, depending on the ammunition, is up to 350 meters for point targets and up to 700 meters for area targets. The grenade launcher is equipped with an optical and opto-electronic sight e-VISION with the ability to select an aiming reticle depending on the type of ammunition used and a magnification factor of 2.5 times. The grenade launcher can be equipped with a night vision device and a thermal imaging sight. The weight of the grenade launcher is about 5 kilograms. The price of the C90 grenade launcher is about 2100 euros.

The Ukrainian army published footage of river crossing exercises using German M3 Amphibious Rig amphibious vehicles. The Netherlands is to supply 30 vehicles. The M3 Amphibious Rig entered German service in 1996 and can deploy pontoons while on the move.

Ukraine will receive German Caracal assault vehicles. The German concern Rheinmetall announced that Ukraine should become the first recipient of Caracal (4x4) vehicles. Under a contract financed by the German government, Ukraine should receive the first five Caracal vehicles by the end of 2023 and a number in 2024. The Caracal air assault vehicle was developed by the German defense company Caracal and was first shown in 2023. The vehicle has a modular design and can be used for transporting troops and cargo, medical evacuation and other purposes. The vehicle can be equipped with machine guns and ATGMs, depending on the mission. The "Caracal" car was created on the Mercedes-Benz G-model 464 series chassis. The power plant is a 6-cylinder Mercedes-Benz diesel engine with a power of 249 hp. which allows the car to reach speeds of up to 130 km/h. The vehicle is able to cross a ford 0.7 meters deep and trenches 0.5 meters deep.

The Ukrainian army began using the rare Soviet BMP-1TS with the Spear combat module. The Ukrainian combat module "Spear" was developed in 2014 and is equipped with a 30-mm automatic cannon, a 7.62 mm PKT machine gun, a 30-mm KBA-117 automatic grenade launcher and two Barrier ATGMs. In the video, the module is not fully assembled. The module's armor provides protection against armor-piercing bullets of 7.62 mm caliber. The BMP-1TS fire control system includes a two-plane stabilizer, a ballistic computer and an automatic target tracking system.

The first footage of the use of 120-mm M120 Rak self-propelled mortars made in Poland by the Ukrainian army has been published. The M120 Rak mortar has been produced since 2016 and is placed on the chassis of the Polish Rosomak armored personnel carrier; we previously talked about it. Ukraine ordered 24 M120 Rak self-propelled mortars and they are now used by the 44th separate mechanized brigade of the Ukrainian armed forces. The mortar is located in an armored rotating turret. Mortar pointing angles from -3 to +85 degrees. The firing range of a conventional mine is up to 8500 meters, with active-reactive ammunition up to 12000 m. Rate of fire: up to 12 rounds per minute. The transition time from the vehicle from the traveling position to the combat position is no more than 30 seconds. The ammunition capacity of the M120 Rak self-propelled mortar is 46 min, the combat weight of the vehicle is 24 tons.

The Ukrainian army began construction of defensive lines similar to those previously created by the Russian army. Ukrainian engineering units in the Sumy, Kyiv and Chernigov regions are installing anti-tank structures and digging trenches. In addition, pits for concrete bunkers are being prepared.

The Ukrainian army has received a new type of long-range kamikaze drone, the AQ 400 Scythe. The production of drones was established by the Ukrainian company Terminal Autonomy, previously known as the startup One Way Aerospace. It is reported that the drone is designed in such a way that it can be produced without the involvement of skilled workers. The drone body is made of plywood, the developers tried to make it as cheap as possible, but some sources report that the price of the AQ 400 Scythe drone is about 15 thousand dollars. Please note that the drone body follows the outline of Storm Shadow cruise missiles. The drone can be launched from a catapult or from a wheeled chassis using the thrust of its own internal combustion engine. The drone's range is up to 750 kilometers with a warhead weighing 32 kilograms; the AQ 400 can lift up to 70 kilograms of payload by reducing the flight range. The cruising speed is about 140 kilometers per hour. The drone's elemental base is partially imported; the company can produce 100 drones per month, with the prospect of expanding production to 500 units.

An unusual hybrid of the German BMW 740i E38 was noticed in Ukrainian army units; these vehicles were produced in Germany from 1994 to 2001 and the Soviet MLRS BM-21 Grad. By crossing both types of equipment, the result can be said to be a luxury class MLRS.

Ukrainian M1 Abrams tanks have been enhanced with ARAT protection. Ukrainian M1A1SA Abrams tanks, American-made, began to be equipped, presumably, with ARAT (Abrams Reactive Armor Tiles) dynamic protection of the first generation. ARAT dynamic protection was developed in 2004, specifically for the M1A1 and M1A2 Abrams tanks. The BRAT (Bradley Reactive Armor Tiles) dynamic protection system, previously developed for the Bradly infantry fighting vehicle, was taken as the basis. The first generation of ARAT-1 protection consists of modules designated as M19. ERA units are installed on the aprons of the tank hull; there is none in other places. The modules protect the tank from drones, but cannot protect against the Kornet ATGM and other systems.

A new kamikaze drone equipped with a jet engine was tested in Ukraine. At the moment, the drone developers have not provided any technical information about the drone, including even the drone model is unknown. Visually, no cameras are visible on the drone, apparently the drone is aimed at the target only according to predetermined GPS coordinates.

The first footage of the work of Ukrainian women military personnel. The process of firing a mortar is not shown, but in the video you can see how women prepare a position for a mortar. The brand of the mortar and details about what kind of unit it is are not reported.