Military Technology from Ukraine

The Ukrainian army is modernizing the T-72M1 and T-64BV tanks. The Ukrainian army began the modernization of the T-72M1 and T-64BV tanks. Earlier, Poland handed over to Ukraine T-72M tanks, which are an export version of the T-72A tank developed in 1979. The export version of the tank is distinguished by the device of the collective protection system and shells. Also, the T-72M received a monolithic turret armor instead of a combined one. The Ukrainian army is modernizing tanks, equipping them with dynamic protection and anti-cumulative gratings, and other improvements are being carried out, but there is no data on them yet.

Details about the Swedish CV90 infantry fighting vehicles of the Ukrainian army. The Ukrainian military has completed training in Sweden on the CV90 infantry fighting vehicle and will soon receive about 50 armored vehicles of the CV9040 version. The second-generation tridsfordon 90 armored vehicle with the CV90 export index was developed in 1993 in Sweden by Hägglunds. Now Sweden is armed with 549 CV9040 infantry fighting vehicles of various modifications and models. The vehicle's armor is capable of withstanding 14.7 mm bullets, while the frontal armor provides protection against 30 mm projectiles. The machine can be reinforced with additional armor plates, but then its mass will increase from 22 to 35 tons. The infantry fighting vehicle is equipped with a modern fire control system with day and night sighting channels and has a high accuracy of firing data calculation. The infantry fighting vehicle is armed with a powerful 40 mm Bofors L70 cannon and a 7.62 mm machine gun. The gun is equipped with an unusual ammunition supply system, it has 3 ready-made magazines of 8 shells each, each magazine needs to be reloaded for about 20 seconds, then the shells are fed by a special automatic loader. Gun ammunition 220 shells. Despite its age, the machine is quite modern in its characteristics, as it has been constantly modernized and is now in service with 7 countries. 550 hp engine with a combat weight of the vehicle of 23 tons, it allows it to develop a speed of 70 km / h. The crew of the car is three people and six to eight paratroopers.

Overview of the Croatian MLRS PAK-12 on the Humvee chassis of the Ukrainian army. The Ukrainian army began to use the Croatian 128-mm RAK-12 MLRS mounted on the chassis of the Humvee armored vehicle. The RACK-12 MLRS was developed in the early 1990s for the needs of the Croatian army, based on the Yugoslav M-63 Plamen MLRS, which was developed in 1963. Now this MLRS is in service with the armies of Croatia, Azerbaijan and was seen in Syria. The updated RAKSA-12 MILES from Madlerd is designed to fire at large areas at distances from 800 to 8500 meters. Croatian engineers have extremely lightened the design, which now weighs 570 kg without missiles and can be towed and installed on equipment. The launcher can launch 12 M91, M91A1 and M91A2 rockets. The transfer time of the launcher from transport to combat position is 1 minute 30 seconds.

Details about the Spanish armored cars URO VAMTAC ST5 of the Ukrainian army. Ukrainian servicemen began to undergo training in Spain on URO VAMTAC ST5 armored vehicles, with a high probability the Ukrainian army will soon begin to use them. The URO VAMTAC armored vehicle was developed by the Spanish company UROVESA in 2013. The basis for its early concept was the Hammer SUV, but when creating the Spanish version, more advanced technologies were used. The vehicle has good armor and is able to withstand 7.62 mm bullets, a 155 mm projectile at a distance of 60 meters, and a high-explosive anti-tank mine with a charge weight of 8 kg. The armored vehicle is capable of moving at high speed over rough terrain and steep slopes, while having a maximum load. A typical armament of an armored vehicle is a 12.7 mm heavy machine gun, which can be replaced by a 7.62 mm machine gun, a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher, or an ATGM mount. The machine is popular in the market and is in service with 20 countries. The URO VAMTAC ST5 armored vehicle is equipped with an engine with a capacity of 188 hp and a maximum speed of up to 135 km/h. The armored vehicle is capable of towing trailers weighing up to 1.5 tons, overcoming fords 1.5 meters deep and forcing 75 percent climbs. The crew of the car is 4 people.

A self-made air defense installation of Ukraine from six AK-74 assault rifles. As you know, one of the problems of the Ukrainian army now is Russian drones, in the fight against them everything is used, from air defense systems to improvised weapons installations. One example of such a self-made air defense system was this installation, where 6 AK-74 assault rifles are connected in a group, perhaps this is the most unusual air defense installation shown in recent times.

Poland handed over Mi-24 helicopters to Ukraine. The Wall Street Journal, citing sources, reported that the Polish authorities handed over “about a dozen” Mi-24 combat helicopters to the Ukrainian armed forces. It is noted that the Polish authorities did not publicly report on the supply of these helicopters to Ukraine. The helicopters were sent to help the Ukrainian army in the counteroffensive. In March, Soviet-made helicopters were already handed over to Ukraine by North Macedonia. Kyiv received 12 Mi-24s, which originally belonged to Ukraine itself, but were transferred to Macedonia in 2001. As of 2022, the Polish Army Aviation had 15 Mi-24D and 13 Mi-24V helicopters.

The Ukrainian fleet received British Sandown minesweepers, review. Two former British minesweepers of the Sandown project, transferred to the Ukrainian fleet in 2021, have been accepted into the Ukrainian Navy. The solemn ceremony took place on July 2, 2023, on the day of the celebration of the Ukrainian Navy. The ceremony of commissioning two ships of mine defense M310 "Chernihiv" and M311 "Cherkassy" was held in the UK in Glasgow. Minesweepers-searchers of the Sandown type began to be built in 1988, they are now part of the British, Estonian and now Ukrainian fleets. The minesweepers continue to be in Britain and participated in the Sea Breeze-2023 exercise, they cannot arrive in Ukraine. Minesweepers of the "Sandown" type are designed to search for and destroy sea mines using remotely controlled search vehicles; minesweepers do not have devices for minesweeping. To reduce magnetism, the ship's hull is made of reinforced fiberglass. The ship's mechanisms are isolated from the hull by mounting on shock absorbers. The ships are armed with a 30 mm weapon station and three 12.7 mm machine guns. The crew of each ship is 45 people. The length of the minesweepers is 52.6 meters, the displacement is 465 tons, the speed is up to 13 knots on a diesel power plant. Cruising range 3000 miles.

A hybrid of the BMP-1 and the BMD-2 combat vehicle of the Ukrainian army. This time, the Ukrainian BMP-1 and the BMD-2 combat vehicle were crossed. It turned out to be a kind of hybrid of military equipment, a BMP-1 hull and a BMD-2 turret, the vehicle is equipped with a canopy from drones and gratings against cumulative ammunition.

Ukrainian soldiers tested body armor 6B46 Ratnik of Russia. Ukrainian servicemen have published footage of tests of the Russian Granit 5A class combat breastplate used with 6B45 body armor and 6B46 body armor from the Russian Ratnik military equipment set. Fire was fired from an AK-74 assault rifle and a Kalashnikov light machine gun at a distance of 28 meters, including armor-piercing cartridges. Judging by the reaction of the soldiers at the end of the video, the result surprised them.

The new marine drone MAGURA V5 of the Spetstechnoexport company began to be used by the Ukrainian army. Previously, footage with the first sea drone of Ukraine has already been published. The drone is designed for surveillance, reconnaissance, patrolling, search and rescue operations, mine action, fleet protection and combat missions. The payload of the drone is 320 kg, now it is used as a kamikaze sea drone, equipping it with explosives, according to the creators, this is effective. The MAGURA V5 drone has a speed of up to 77 kilometers per hour and is capable of traveling up to 833 kilometers. The drone is controlled by Mesh radio or via the Starlink satellite Internet system, which is more likely. The drone is 5.5 meters long, 1.5 meters wide, and 50 centimeters above the waterline.

Ukrainian modernization of the Maxim machine gun. The 7.62 mm Maxim machine gun was again redesigned by Ukrainian craftsmen. As you can see from the video, the machine gun now has an optical sight, a bipod and a stock. The protective shield and the water casing for cooling the barrel were also removed. A fairly deep modernization of the machine gun from all that have so far met. The aiming range of the Maxim machine gun is up to 2300 meters. The maximum range of a bullet is 3900 meters.

The video shows the field repair of the British AS-90 self-propelled guns of the Ukrainian army. The Cummins VTA-903T-660 660 hp engine was removed from the machine. and automatic transmission ZF LSG 2000. According to the Ukrainian soldier, for some reason the self-propelled guns are not moving.

The Ukrainian army began to use an unarmed Polish-made SKOT R-3M command armored personnel carrier, the vehicle was bought with the money of volunteers. The OT-64 armored personnel carrier was developed in 1959 in Czechoslovakia, since 1961 the OT-64 armored personnel carrier began to be produced under license in Poland under the SKOT index. On the basis of the OT-64 armored personnel carrier, a large family of vehicles was created, some of them still remained in the armies of Slovakia, Poland and other countries. Compared with the old armored vehicles, this vehicle is an analogue of the Soviet BTR-60, the main advantage in relation to the Soviet counterpart was a fully armored interior. Armored personnel carriers of the OT-64 SKOT series were armed as standard with 7.62mm, 12.7mm and 14.5mm machine guns, some had the Malyutka ATGM. The thickness of the armor of the OT-64 SKOT machine is from 6 to 13 mm. Weight 14.5 tons, developed speed up to 95 km/h. The crew of 2 people and 10 people landing.

The production of ATGM Stugna-P has been increased in Ukraine, an overview of the complex. Ukraine has quadrupled the production of Stugna-P anti-tank systems, said the Minister for Strategic Industries of Ukraine Oleksandr Kamyshin. ATGM "Stugna-P" adopted by the army of Ukraine in 2011. We can say this is a successful development of the military industrial complex of Ukraine. The ATGM is exported under the name Skif, this is a Ukrainian-Belarusian development. The ATGM is equipped with a semi-automatic laser beam guidance system. It is also possible to control the rocket from a remote control from a closed position. The missile can be programmed to attack from above the target, from a height of 10 meters, or directly. When attacked from above, the missile can miss, according to Forbes American experts. The main advantage of the ATGM is the use of a wired remote control for the missile. The remote control allows the ATGM crew to work from a closed position on a television channel, this is convenient and the ATGM crew is safe. The range of the ATGM flight, when using 152 mm RK-2M-K missiles, is up to 5500 meters, penetration is up to 1100 mm of homogeneous steel. When using 130 mm RK-2S missiles, armor penetration is about 800 mm. The mass of anti-tank systems with a rocket is 90 kg. The price of the Stugna-P ATGM is about 20 thousand dollars.

Marine drone Sea Baby, the third type of marine drones in Ukraine. The Security Service of Ukraine has published a photo and video of its sea drone Sea Baby, which means "Sea Baby" in Russian. At the moment, it turns out that this is the third type of sea drones in Ukraine. Apparently, Ukraine has begun to actively develop its marine drones, in the absence of a fleet, this is a completely logical decision. There is practically no information about the Sea Baby drone, it is known that the drone is controlled via satellite Internet and is equipped with 450 kilograms of explosives

The use of the KBA-118 mortar by the Ukrainian army, review. Footage of the use of the KBA-118 mortar by the Ukrainian army has been published. Mortar KBA-118 caliber 60 mm, developed in the Kiev design bureau "Artillery weapons" and first shown in 2013. The KBA-118 mortar is in service with Ukrainian special forces, and is also used by airborne units. The maximum firing range of the mortar is 1500 meters, the rate of fire is up to 20 rounds per minute. Mortar weight 12.5 kg. The mass of mines used is 1.33 kg, mines and mortars comply with NATO standards.

Ukraine has begun testing new underwater drones "Marichka". It is worth noting that the drone is not fully submerged, but rather partially submerged, apparently submerging under water will be used before attacking the target. There are no details about underwater drones yet, it is known that the drone was created to destroy warships, boats, coastal fortifications and bridges. The drone can also be used in reconnaissance missions. The length of the drone "Marichka" is 6 meters, the width is 1 meter, the range of the drone is up to 1000 kilometers. The estimated price of the drone "Marichka" is 16 million hryvnia or 430 thousand dollars.