News India unveils Pratyush, its fastest supercomputer yet

Shashank

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Dec 4, 2017
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Ban galore
TH25COMPUTER

Power drive: India is working to enter the big league of supercomputing. The picture shows China’s fastest supercomputer, ‘Tianhe.’

India’s supercomputing prowess moved up several notches Monday after it unveiled Pratyush, an array of computers that can deliver a peak power of 6.8 petaflops. One petaflop is a million billion floating point operations per second and is a reflection of the computing capacity of a system.

According to a statement by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pratyush is the fourth fastest supercomputer in the world dedicated for weather and climate research, and follows machines in Japan, USA and the United Kingdom. It will also move an Indian supercomputer from the 300s to the 30s in the Top500 list, a respected international tracker of the world’s fastest supercomputers.

The machines will be installed at two government institutes: 4.0 petaflops HPC facility at IITM, Pune; and 2.8 petaflops facility at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast, Noida.

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The government had sanctioned ₹400 crore last year to put in place a 10-petaflop machine. A key function of the machine’s computing power would be monsoon forecasting using a dynamical model. This requires simulating the weather for a given month — say March — and letting a custom-built model calculate how the actual weather will play out over June, July, August and September.

With the new system, it would be possible to map regions in India at a resolution of 3 km and the globe at 12 km.

While inaugurating the facility at IITM, Pune, Union Science Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan said Pratyush would be India’s “premier" HPC (high performance computing) and was a step up from India’s current peak capacity of 1.0 PF.

Source : India unveils Pratyush, its fastest supercomputer yet
 

smestarz

Well-Known member
Nov 30, 2017
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Actung Panzers
We should try and develop more super computers, try not to break the bank for the fastest, but make many more whose capacity is good enough to help several of institutes that depend on super computers for their research and thus allowing Indian scientists and students to gain more knowledge
 

Vicky

Rajaraja Chola
Dec 1, 2017
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Canada
The Chinese are like. We will big the biggest, fastest and have the largest dick competition measurement contest with USA. Their so called largest SC are probably lying underutilised. They even have an 10000 ton coast guard ship for just to have the largest ship in the world.

We should probably build smaller but many SC which many research institutions and companies can use. Our Nuclear research plants, big companies working on future tech, IIT's, IISc should be given more fund to work on research to enable them work on SC's.
 

smestarz

Well-Known member
Nov 30, 2017
545
330
Actung Panzers
China is trying to be the super power after USA, so it has been dick comparison for a very long time, In a way China might be saying that whatever we are building it, we require it. For example, fastest super computer means more faster solution to problems. Aircraft carrier means power projection, higher building means better utilization of land. Bigger airport means being bigger transport hub and hence more business. Some of the Chinese policies are good but not all, Chinese policies are good for progress but at the cost of their citizens,
The rich get rich, and poor get poor.


The Chinese are like. We will big the biggest, fastest and have the largest dick competition measurement contest with USA. Their so called largest SC are probably lying underutilised. They even have an 10000 ton coast guard ship for just to have the largest ship in the world.

We should probably build smaller but many SC which many research institutions and companies can use. Our Nuclear research plants, big companies working on future tech, IIT's, IISc should be given more fund to work on research to enable them work on SC's.
 

Parthu

Gessler
Team StratFront
Dec 1, 2017
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Vizag, India
The Chinese are like. We will big the biggest, fastest and have the largest dick competition measurement contest with USA. Their so called largest SC are probably lying underutilised. They even have an 10000 ton coast guard ship for just to have the largest ship in the world.

We should probably build smaller but many SC which many research institutions and companies can use. Our Nuclear research plants, big companies working on future tech, IIT's, IISc should be given more fund to work on research to enable them work on SC's.

With little more than vacuum tube computers, calculators and some pencils & paper, the US figured out the math of putting men on the Moon back in 1969.

Today in 2018, armed with the world's best supercomputer, China still unable to do this.

In the race for acquiring more & more processing power, often it could be lost on some....as to WHAT to process.
 

Guynextdoor

Senior member
Dec 19, 2017
4,279
1,297
India
The Chinese are like. We will big the biggest, fastest and have the largest dick competition measurement contest with USA. Their so called largest SC are probably lying underutilised. They even have an 10000 ton coast guard ship for just to have the largest ship in the world.

We should probably build smaller but many SC which many research institutions and companies can use. Our Nuclear research plants, big companies working on future tech, IIT's, IISc should be given more fund to work on research to enable them work on SC's.

Fully agree focus on units that are used rather than prestige
 

RISING SUN

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Dec 3, 2017
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IISc. commissions one of India’s most powerful supercomputers​

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc.) has installed and commissioned Param Pravega, one of the most powerful supercomputers in India, and the largest in an Indian academic institution, under the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM). The system is expected to power diverse research and educational pursuits. It has a total supercomputing capacity of 3.3 petaflops (1 petaflop equals a quadrillion, or 10^15 floating-point operations per second).

It has been designed by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). A majority of the components used to build this system have been manufactured and assembled within India, along with an indigenous software stack developed by C-DAC, in line with the Make in India initiative. NSM is steered jointly by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), and implemented by C-DAC and IISc.

The Mission has supported the deployment of 10 supercomputer systems so far at IISc., in IITs, IISER Pune, JNCASR, NABI-Mohali and C-DAC, with a cumulative computing power of 17 petaflops. About 31,00,000 computational jobs have successfully been carried out by around 2,600 researchers across India till date.


These systems have greatly helped faculty members and students carry out major R&D activities, including developing platforms for genomics and drug discovery, studying urban environmental issues, establishing flood warning and prediction systems, and optimising telecom networks.


The Param Pravega system at IISc. is a mix of heterogeneous nodes, with Intel Xeon Cascade Lake processors for the CPU nodes and NVIDIA Tesla V100 cards on the GPU nodes. The hardware consists of an ATOS BullSequana XH2000 series system, with a comprehensive peak compute power of 3.3 petaflops. The software stack on top of the hardware is provided and supported by C-DAC. The machine hosts an array of program development tools, utilities, and libraries for developing and executing High Performance Computing (HPC) applications. IISc. already has a cutting-edge supercomputing facility established several years ago; in 2015, the institute procured and installed SahasraT, which was at that time the fastest supercomputer in India.

Faculty members and students have been using this facility to carry out research in various impactful and socially-relevant areas. These include research on COVID-19 and other infectious diseases, such as modelling viral entry and binding, studying interactions of proteins in bacterial and viral diseases, and designing new molecules with antibacterial and antiviral properties. Researchers have also used the facility to simulate turbulent flows for green energy technologies, study climate change and associated impact, analyse aircraft engines and hypersonic flight vehicles, and many other research activities. These efforts are expected to ramp up significantly with Param Pravega.
 
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RISING SUN

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Dec 3, 2017
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PARAM ANANTA Supercomputer commissioned at IIT, Gandhinagar
Supercomputer established under Phase 2 of National Supercomputing Mission to Facilitate Computational Research​

PARAM ANANTA, a state-of the art Supercomputer at IIT Gandhinagar dedicated to the nation under National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) - a joint initiative of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and Department of Science and Technology (DST), was commissioned on May 30, 2022 by Smt. Sunita Verma, Group Coordinator & Scientist 'G', MeitY in gracious presence of Prof. Amit Prashant, officiating Director, IIT Gandhinagar; Col. A.K Nath (Retd.), Executive Director, C-DAC, Pune; Shri Naveen Kumar, NSM- HPC Division, MeitY; Dr. Hemant Darbari, Mission Director- NSM, Dr Namrata Pathak, Associate Head / Scientist F, DST; Shri Sanjay Wandhekar, Senior Director, C-DAC, Shri Prashant Dinde, Associate Director, CDAC , Shri B S V Ramesh, Joint Director, CDAC along with senior officials from MeitY, DST, IIT Gandhinagar and C-DAC. PARAM ANANTA supercomputing facility is established under Phase 2 of the NSM, where in majority of the components used to build this system have been manufactured and assembled within the country, along with an indigenous software stack developed by C-DAC, in line with the Make in India initiative.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between IIT Gandhinagar and Centre for Development in Advanced Computing (C-DAC) on 12th October 2020 to establish this 838 TeraFlops Supercomputing Facility under NSM. The system is equipped with a mix of CPU nodes, GPU nodes, High Memory nodes, High throughput storage and high performance Infiniband interconnect to cater the computing needs of various scientific and engineering applications.

PARAM ANANTA system is based on Direct Contact Liquid Cooling technology to obtain a high power usage effectiveness and thereby reducing the operational cost. Multiple applications from various scientific domains such as Weather and Climate, Bioinformatics, Computational Chemistry, Molecular Dynamics, Material Sciences, Computational Fluid Dynamics etc. have been installed on the system for the benefit of researchers. This high end computing system will be a great value addition for the research community.

PARAM ANANTA Supercomputing Facility will be of great benefit to IIT Gandhinagar to pursue the Research and Development (R&D) activities in multidisciplinary domains of science and technology at the Institute, including, but not limited to, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), and Data Science; Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD); Bio-engineering for Genome Sequencing and DNA studies; Computational Biology and Bioinformatics used in prediction and detection of gene networks; Atomic & Molecular Sciences that helps in understanding how a drug binds to a particular protein; Climate Change and Environment studies for extreme weather predictions and simulation of models which can predict the onset of a cyclone; Energy studies which will help in carrying out design simulation and optimization of energy conversion devices at various scales; Fire Dynamics Simulation; Nanotechnology; Robotics; Applied mathematics; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Material Sciences; Quantum Mechanics; Studies on Civil Engineering and structural mechanics to understand the dynamic behaviour of buildings, bridges; and complex structure.

A portion of the total compute power shall also be shared with the nearby academic and research institutes as per the mandate of NSM. Further, NSM has sponsored a number of application research projects using this Supercomputing facility involving researchers for and other Indian institutes and industries. Overall, this Supercomputing facility will provide a major boost to the research and development initiatives in Indian academia and industries to reach a position of global esteem.

Under NSM, till date 15 supercomputers have been installed across the nation with aggregate compute capacity of 24 petaflops. All these supercomputers have been manufactured in India and operating on indigenously developed software stack.