French Navy upgrade and discussion

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Japan, France, U.S. plan their first joint military drills in May: media


Sun, December 6, 2020, 7:01 AM GMT+1


TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan, France, and the United States will hold joint military drills on land and sea for the first time in May next year as the Chinese military steps up activity in the region, the Sankei newspaper said on Sunday.

The exercises, conducted on one of Japan's uninhabited outlying islands, will focus on providing relief efforts during a natural disaster, but parts could also form the basis for a defence against attack, the paper said, without citing sources.

Japan's defence ministry was not immediately available to respond to Reuters' request for confirmation.

The joint exercises aim to counter China, which claims Japanese-controlled islands in the East China Sea, the paper said.

"We want to demonstrate our presence to the region and send a message about Japan-France cooperation," Admiral Pierre Vandier, chief of staff of the French navy, told Sankei in a separate interview.

"This is a message aimed at China. This is a message about multi-lateral partnerships and the freedom of passage."

China has said its intentions in the region are peaceful.

But Japan has grown particularly concerned about a rise in Chinese naval activity around the disputed islands in the East China Sea that Tokyo calls the Senkaku, while Beijing refers to them the Diaoyu.
 

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French President Emmanuel Macron today officially green lighted the construction of a new nuclear-powered aircraft carrier as part of the PANG program. The future flag ship of the Marine Nationale is intended to replace the existing "Charles de Gaulle" around 2038.


It will have a length of 300 meters, a width of 80 meters with a displacement of 75,000 tons.

Future air wing: 32 Next Generation Fighters with 2 to 3 E-2D Advanced Hawkeyes and a yet to be determined number of remote carriers/UCAVs

More in the article.
 
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On October 20th we celebrated the 100th anniversary of the first landing on aircraft carriers, carried out in 1920 by Naval Lieutenant Paul Teste! On this occasion, a commemorative ceremony took place on the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle!

 

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French Navy Aircraft Carrier Went Through Degaussing Ahead Of Deployment

The French Navy (Marine Nationale) announced that on 27 January, 2021, the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle went through a degaussing procedure. This is important to protect the vessel against mines and will strengthen its operational capacities during its upcoming deployment.

Xavier Vavasseur 09 Feb 2021
Deperming, or degaussing, is a procedure for decreasing or eliminating the remnant magnetic field from ships and submarines in order to camouflage them against magnetic detection by enemy sensors or naval mines.

For the degaussing procedure, Aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle went through several hours of maneuvers in the harbour of Toulon (France’s main naval base).
“The operation, from a technical point of view, consisted in running an electric current through a network of cables placed on the seabed. This goal is to compensate the magnetic field of the ship and thus to avoid the triggering of nearby mines. These tests therefore aimed to accurately measure the aircraft carrier’s magnetic signature and adjust its immunization parameters.”


French Navy statement

According to the French Navy, the procedure requires a series of precise maneuvers in a very confined space (a few lengths from quayside vessels ) with several reversals and very sharp changes of pace (from zero to more than 6 knots) on the measurement rail, with a tolerance of less than 10 meters. Several times postponed for weather reasons, this maneuver was carefully prepared on a simulator.

Naval News understands that the degaussing system (known as Pipady installations) was designed by ECA Group. The French company is currently proposing a deperming system to the Royal Australian Navy with a local partner.

Mission Clemenceau 21​



The French Carrier Strike Group (CSG) is expected to set sail this week for “Mission Clemenceau 21” which will consist in three phases:
  • Phase 1: Off Libya in support of NATO and EU operations
  • Phase 2: In the Eastern Mediterranean to fight against terror and cooperate with France’s allies
  • Phase 3: In the Red Sea, Indian Ocean and Arabian/Persian Gulf

The CSG will consist of the following vessels:
  • Aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle
  • Air defense destroyer Chevalier Paul
  • FREMM Frigate Provence
  • Supply Vessel Var
  • Rubis-class SSN
  • Frigate Leopold 1er (Belgian Navy)
  • Frigate Hydra (Hellenic Navy)
  • Destroyer USS Porter (US Navy)

The fact that Charles de Gaulle went through a degaussing procedure right before this deployment is noteworthy as several incidents involving sea mines off Yemen and in the Gulf area have been reported recently.
 

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In Val-de-Reuil (Eure), Florence Parly announces the construction of 4 new nuclear submarines

During a visit to the test center of the General Directorate of Armaments located in Val-de-Reuil, in the Eure region, the Minister of the Armed Forces recalled the strategic issue of these submarines.
Posted on 02/20/2021 at 12:48 p.m.

Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, visiting the testing center of the Directorate-General for Armaments located in Val-de-Reuil.

Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, visiting the testing center of the Directorate-General for Armaments located in Val-de-Reuil. • © FTV​
Eure Evreux

France launched this Friday, February 19, the design of its third generation missile launching submarines (SSBNs). From 2035 , they will embody the oceanic component of the French nuclear deterrent force.


In Val-de-Reuil, Florence Parly announces the construction of 4 new nuclear submarines

A contract of "several billion euros"​

The objective of these third generation nuclear submarines is to replace those of the Le Triomphant class in service and launched between 1994 and 2008.
The "general design" phase, launched yesterday by the Minister of the Armed Forces, should make it possible to precisely define the main components of the building. It should last five years for submersibles intended to sail until 2090.
For the so-called general design phase, a contract worth several billion euros has been put in place, according to the minister's office.

Life insurance according to the minister​

France regards nuclear deterrence as its life insurance policy in the face of threats to its existential interests.
Since the first nuclear missile submarine went into service, there hasn't been a day that they haven't been at sea to protect us.
Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces
Once at sea with 16 ballistic missiles on board, this concentrate of technology can respond in the event of an attack on the orders of the President of the Republic. Designed to face new threats , this submarine is "more efficient, quieter, more discreet and more stealthy" than its predecessor, according to the minister.
One of our teams was able to go behind the scenes of the naval research and testing center in Val-de-Reuil. Rare report
. 130 people work there to design the military fleet of tomorrow, like its third generation nuclear submarines.

An international issue​

Just like France, all the nuclear powers have or aspire to develop a submarine component or to renew it.
The United States must therefore replace its 14 Ohio-class submarines with 12 Columbia-class submarines from 2031.
The British must renew theirs from 2028.
The Russia again has a dozen buildings. And China, which "for a long time had SSBNs that existed on paper, is now doing real patrols" with its six Jin submarines.
Not to mention " North Korea (which) is also investing in this technology", according to Corentin Brustlein, quoted by AFP, director of research at the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI).