We dont have very small warhead with high yield now because we dont have MIRV capable missile. Once we have that, surely you will see smaller warheads.
True. Countries like to spend money on weapons when it is appropriate and necessary.
A gram of Gold costs 21 USD, a gram of weapons grade Plutonium costs 4000 to 8000 USD and you need a few kilograms of the stuff per warhead. Then the cost of Uranium,other materials and R&D.
Per warhead it can cost upwards of 50 Million Dollars.
On the contrary the world's most advanced Missile Trident II costs 37 Million USD,BUT r&d costs can run into hundreds of millions or Billions.
So it is a fine balance.Neither missiles nor Warheads are built just because someone else did so,or jest because the country can do it .There has to be areal need.
Pakistan built MIRV to counter Indian ABM, they wouldn't have done it if India was not improving on their ABM capacity.