It uses algorithms on the data collected first and then combines them, as stated in my FG link.
No, with IMA you can replace each component separately, hence modular, with federated you can't, hence more difficult to upgrade. Modular can apply to any build, it doesn't even have to include sensors or be about planes. Like I said, you don't have a f**king clue what you are talking about. You're literally _Anonymous_ II right now.
The article you posted you mean??? First it states what Typhoon can do, and then states the future, which might include a modular architecture.
Dude, the Typhoon's architecture is federated. Federated means no sensor fusion. Period.