Hydrogen generation in India: News & Updates

Gautam

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RIL plans to use 3 GW solar power to produce green hydrogen at electrolyser facility

The electrolyser factory is one of the four gigafactories announced by RIL’s Chairman Mukesh Ambani earlier this year

By Aarushi Koundal
ET EnergyWorld
October 21, 2021, 17:59 IST
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New Delhi: Reliance Industries (RIL) is planning to use about 3 gigawatt (GW) of solar energy to generate 400,000 tonnes of hydrogen at its proposed electrolyser gigafactory, according to Madhukar Garg, President - Refining and Petchem R&D, RIL.

“We are still looking at the type of electrolyser to be used at the factory in terms of efficiency...The idea is that we should be using about 3-3.5 GW of solar energy to generate hydrogen to be used at our own refinery,” he added.

Garg was speaking at the Fourth Assembly of the International Solar Alliance on Thursday. The virtual event is being held from 18-21 October 2021

The electrolyser factory is one of the four gigafactories announced by RIL’s Chairman Mukesh Ambani earlier this year to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2035. These factories will be set up at a cost of Rs 75,000 crore in the next three to four years.

The first will be a solar photovoltaic gigafactory to manufacture and supply solar cells, modules and is expected to have 100 GW capacity by 2030.

Second gigafactory will be a grid battery facility to stabilise the local power grid and ensure uninterrupted power. Third will be a fuel-cell facility to accelerate electric mobility, and fourth will be an electrolyser facility for green hydrogen production.

“For the solar PV gigafactory, we plan to manufacture silicon, wafers, cells and modules and to initially focus on Indian supply. This will be situated in Jamnagar, Gujarat,” said Garg.

He added that this gigafactory will initially have 20 GW capacity per year, of which one-fourth will be captive and the rest will be exported to the grid. However, he said that this can change depending upon the economics.

For the grid battery gigafactory, he said that RIL is exploring various technologies and the focus is on stationary large-flow batteries.

RIL plans to use 3 GW solar power to produce green hydrogen at electrolyser facility - ET EnergyWorld
 
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Gautam

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Gautam Adani aims to be one of the largest green hydrogen producers in the world: Gautam Adani

By Rachita Prasad, ET Bureau
Last Updated: Oct 19, 2021, 08:59 PM IST
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The group's overall organic and inorganic investments across the entire green energy value chain will range between $50 billion and $70 billion, he said

Synopsis
Adani reiterated his plans to invest over $20 billion in renewable energy generation over the next decade.

Billionaire Gautam Adani has said that the Adani Group aims to be one of the largest green hydrogen producers in the world, which could potentially help India emerge as world’s cheapest hydrogen producer.

Adani reiterated his plans to invest over $20 billion in renewable energy generation over the next decade. The group's overall organic and inorganic investments across the entire green energy value chain will range between $50 billion and $70 billion, he said on the sidelines of UK’s Global Investment Summit at the London Science Museum.

“We are putting money where our mouth is and the portfolio companies of Adani are leading the way with investment plans to honour the nation’s commitment," Adani said.

The group plans to invest with potential partners for electrolyzer manufacturing, backward integrations for component manufacturing to secure the supply chain for the solar and wind generation businesses, and artificial intelligence-based utility and industrial cloud platforms.

Adani incubating a data centre company that will power all its data centres by renewable power by 2030. Adani Green Energy, the group's renewable energy company will triple its renewable power generation capacity over the next four years, having achieved its initial target of 25 gigawatts four years ahead of schedule.

Adani said that green policies and climate action not based on equitable growth will struggle in the long run. He said that climate change initiatives need a collaborative approach, where developed nations, which have emitted more greenhouse gases over time, shoulder greater responsibility and propose policies and targets that fairly address the needs of the developing world.

Gautam Adani aims to be one of the largest green hydrogen producers in the world: Gautam Adani
 

Gautam

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GAIL to build India's largest green hydrogen plant in 12-14 months

Speaking at the India Energy Forum by CERAWeek, GAIL Chairman and Managing Director Manoj Jain said the company is looking at building a 10-megawatt (MW) electrolyzer capable of generating 4.5 tonnes of green hydrogen daily

Written By: PTI
Updated: October 21, 2021; 09:15 pm
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The firm has already floated a global tender to buy the electrolyzer and is hoping to get delivery in 12-14 months. Photo source: Reuters

State-owned GAIL (India) Ltd will build India's largest green hydrogen plant in the next 12-14 months, as it looks to supplement its natural gas business with carbon-free fuel.

Speaking at the India Energy Forum by CERAWeek, GAIL Chairman and Managing Director Manoj Jain said the company is looking at building a 10-megawatt (MW) electrolyzer capable of generating 4.5 tonnes of green hydrogen daily.

The firm has already floated a global tender to buy the electrolyzer and is hoping to get delivery in 12-14 months.

"It will take 12-14 months to put the plant," he said adding that the company has finalised 2-3 sites for the unit including one at Vijaipur in Madhya Pradesh, where the company has a gas processing plant.

Hydrogen is the latest buzz for meeting the world's energy needs. Hydrogen can be produced in three different ways through coal gasification (brown hydrogen), deriving it from methane in natural gas (blue hydrogen) and using renewable energy to produce green hydrogen. Green hydrogen is the cleanest of all with zero carbon emission.

Jain said the plant planned is for 10 MW capacity, the largest announced so far in the country. It will be double the size of the one announced by state electricity producer NTPC. Indian Oil Corp (IOC) has also announced plans to build a green hydrogen plant at its Mathura refinery.

"We have on a pilot basis started mixing hydrogen in natural gas in one of the cities," Jain said adding that the company is testing for idea mix percentage before scaling it up.

The hydrogen GAIL plans to produce can be sold to fertiliser units, which, as per government mandate, are required to use hydrogen as fuel, he said. India's largest gas-transporting and marketing company is also looking at newer avenues to boost business including pushing for use of LNG as fuel in long-haul trucking.

"For India to achieve the target of raising the share of natural gas in the energy basket to 15 per cent gas usage by 2030 from current 6.2 per cent, gas consumption has to rise three-and-a-half times to 600 million standard cubic meters per day. And, for this to happen, all sectors have to jump in," he said.

The government, he said, is pushing for the use of LNG as fuel transport and the mining sector. "We as the industry will set up 20 LNG dispensing stations on Golden Quadrilateral by March 2022 and 500-600 outlets in 3-4 years. The ultimate target is 1,000 LNG stations," he said.

Jain said 70 per cent of India's imported gas is through long-term contracts, which is shielding users such as fertiliser plants and refiners from the current price volatility.

Indian power consumers are affected by gas price volatility, which is also discouraging new users planning to switch to gas, he added.

GAIL to build India's largest green hydrogen plant in 12-14 months
 

RISING SUN

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India’s first; and one of world’s largest Green Hydrogen Microgrid Projects to be set up at Simhadri

Precursor to large scale Hydrogen energy storage projects​

NTPC has awarded a project of “Standalone Fuel-Cell based Micro-grid with hydrogen production using electrolyser in NTPC Guest House at Simhadri (near Visakhapatnam)”. It is India’s first Green Hydrogen based Energy Storage Project. It would be a precursor to large scale hydrogen energy storage projects and would be useful for studying and deploying multiple microgrids in various off grid and strategic locations of the country.


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The hydrogen would be produced using the advanced 240 kW Solid Oxide Electrolyser by taking input power from the nearby Floating Solar project. The hydrogen produced during sunshine hours would be stored at high pressure and would be electrified using a 50 kW Solid Oxide Fuel Cell. The system would work in standalone mode from 5PM in the evening to 7AM in the morning.


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This unique project configuration is designed in-house by NTPC. It is a unique project for India and would open doors for decarbonising the far-off regions of the country like Ladakh, J&K etc., hitherto dependent on diesel generators. The project is in-line with the vision of Hon’ble Prime Minister for becoming carbon neutral by 2070 and making Ladakh a carbon neutral territory.

Hydrogen Fuel for Public Transport​

To promote vehicles operating on hydrogen fuel, this Ministry has issued a notification, vide G.S.R. 889(E), dated 16.09.2016, for use of Hydrogen as an automotive fuel in the country. The specifications for Hydrogen for Internal Combustion Engine have been specified in Annexure IV-W of the said notification. 18% blend of Hydrogen with CNG (HCNG) has been notified by this Ministry vide GSR 585(E) dated 25th September 2020. This Ministry vide GSR 579(E) dated 23rd September 2020 has notified safety norms regarding hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and its components.


Various hydrogen powered vehicles have been developed and demonstrated under projects supported by Government of India. These include 6 Fuel Cell buses (by Tata Motors Ltd.), 50 hydrogen enriched CNG (H-CNG) buses in Delhi (by Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. in collaboration with Govt. of NCT of Delhi), 2 hydrogen fuelled Internal Combustion Engine buses (by IIT Delhi in collaboration with Mahindra & Mahindra), fifteen hydrogen fuelled 3wheelers (by IIT Delhi in collaboration with Mahindra & Mahindra), 2 Hydrogen-Diesel dual fuel cars (by Mahindra & Mahindra) and one fuel cell car (by CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, CSIR-Central Electrochemical Laboratory and CSIR-National Physical Laboratory). However, commercialization of hydrogen fuelled bus has not been undertaken in India so far.


This information was given by Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shri Nitin Gadkari in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha.
 

Gautam

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Oil India to set up green hydrogen plant in Assam

Speaking on the occasion of the 'bhumi pujan' ceremony of the project, Pankaj Kumar Goswami, Director (Operations) said the hydrogen so generated will be blended with natural gas using the existing infrastructure.

By PTI, DECEMBER 27, 2021 / 02:21 PM IST
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Oil India Ltd, the nation’s second-largest state-owned oil explorer, is setting up a plant to manufacture green hydrogen at its Jorhat oilfield in Assam, the company said in a statement.

"To strengthen its bouquet of clean energy offerings”, the company has initiated action for setting up a 100 kW green hydrogen plant at its Pump station-3 in Jorhat, it said.

The pilot plant will generate green hydrogen using AEM technology, it said without giving details. "This is a first of its kind project in the country.”

Speaking on the occasion of the 'bhumi pujan' ceremony of the project, Pankaj Kumar Goswami, Director (Operations) said the hydrogen so generated will be blended with natural gas using the existing infrastructure.

Hydrogen being the cleanest form of energy is the latest focus area across the globe to satiate the rising energy needs.

Green hydrogen is derived from water electrolysis using renewable energy like solar or wind. Biomass-based hydrogen production technologies also qualify under the green category.

The government proposed the National Hydrogen Mission in the Union Budget 2021-22, initiating a hydrogen roadmap for the country. The mission was announced in August this year by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Under the Paris agreement (COP 21), by the year 2030, India is committed to reducing its greenhouse emissions by 33-35 per cent from the 2005 levels.

This has necessitated finding alternative sources of cleaner energy.

Oil India To Set Up Green Hydrogen Plant In Assam
 

RISING SUN

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Air Products Awarded Long-Term Hydrogen and Nitrogen Supply Agreement for Indian Oil Corporation​


Air Products (NYSE: APD), a world leader in industrial gases and large-scale project development, execution and operation, today announced the signing of a long-term supply agreement with Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), India’s flagship national oil company. Air Products will build, own and operate (BOO) a new industrial gases complex supplying hydrogen, nitrogen and steam to IOCL’s Barauni Refinery in Bihar, India.

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Pictured (L to R): Arvind Kumar, Project Manager, IOCL; Amit Kumar, General Manager (Projects), IOCL; Shibaditya Sen, Director of Business Development, Large Projects, Air Products India; and Mark Sambrook, Air Products’ General Counsel for EU, Africa and India.
The new industrial gas complex will aid IOCL’s capacity expansion from six to nine million tonnes per annum producing Euro-VI or BS-VI compliant gasoline and diesel at its Barauni complex. The industrial gas complex will include the latest generation multi-feed hydrogen production facility supplying 70,000 normal cubic meters per hour (Nm3/hr) of hydrogen as well as steam, and a high-efficiency air separation unit producing 4,000 Nm3/hr of nitrogen.
Air Products expects the new industrial gas complex for IOCL to come onstream in 2024.

Air Products’ chief operating officer Dr. Samir J. Serhan said, “We are honored to work with IOCL, the largest petroleum refining company and largest Public Sector Undertaking in India. As one of the fastest growing economies in the world, our latest strategic investment in India will provide an efficient combination of industrial gas production technologies, enabling IOCL to meet ever-increasing transportation fuel demand. We look forward to reliably supplying IOCL’s industrial gas needs for decades to come.”

Juan Gonzalez, vice president, Large Project Business Development, Air Products Middle East, Egypt, Turkey and India, said, “We are proud to work with IOCL as they look to significantly expand their operations at Barauni. We look forward to bringing our global expertise, experience and world-class engineering capabilities to this project.”

Once completed, the Barauni project will be Air Products’ second BOO project in India, after the Kochi Industrial Gas complex at BPCL’s Kochi Refinery.

About Air Products
Air Products (NYSE:APD) is a world-leading industrial gases company in operation for over 80 years. Focused on serving energy, environment and emerging markets, the Company provides essential industrial gases, related equipment and applications expertise to customers in dozens of industries, including refining, chemical, metals, electronics, manufacturing, and food and beverage. Air Products is also the global leader in the supply of liquefied natural gas process technology and equipment. The Company develops, engineers, builds, owns and operates some of the world's largest industrial gas projects, including: gasification projects that sustainably convert abundant natural resources into syngas for the production of high-value power, fuels and chemicals; carbon capture projects; and world-scale low- and zero-carbon hydrogen projects supporting global transportation and the energy transition.

The Company had fiscal 2021 sales of $10.3 billion from operations in over 50 countries and has a current market capitalization of about $55 billion. More than 20,000 passionate, talented and committed employees from diverse backgrounds are driven by Air Products’ higher purpose to create innovative solutions that benefit the environment, enhance sustainability and address the challenges facing customers, communities, and the world. For more information, visit airproducts.com or follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter, Facebook or Instagram.

Air Products’ Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements: This release contains “forward-looking statements” within the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on management’s expectations and assumptions as of the date of this release and are not guarantees of future performance. While forward-looking statements are made in good faith and based on assumptions, expectations and projections that management believes are reasonable based on currently available information, actual performance and financial results may differ materially from projections and estimates expressed in the forward-looking statements because of many factors, including risk factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2021. Except as required by law, we disclaim any obligation or undertaking to update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in the assumptions, beliefs or expectations or any change in events, conditions or circumstances upon which any such forward-looking statements are based.